## Chapter 5 Triangles Ex 5.2

Question 1.
In an isosceles triangle ABC, with AB = AC, the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C intersect each other at 0. Join A to 0. Show that
(i) OB = OC
(ii) AO bisects ∠A
Solution:
(i) In ∆ ABC, we have
AB = AC (Given)
⇒ ∠B = ∠C
(∵ Angles opposite to equal sides are equal) Question 2.
In ∆ ABC, AD is the perpendicular bisector of BC (see figure). Show that ∆ ABC is an isosceles triangle in which AB = AC. Solution:
In ∆ABD and ∆ACD, we have ,
DB = DC
∴ ∆ ABD ≅ ∆ACD (By SAS congruence axiom)
⇒ AB = AC (By CPCT)
Renee,∆ ABC is an isosceles triangle.

Question 3.
ABC is an isosceles triangle in which altitudes BE and CF are drawn to equal sides AC and AB respectively (see figure). Show that these altitudes are equal. Solution:
In ∆ ABE and ∆ ACF, we have
∠ AEB = ∠ AFC (BE ⊥ AC, CF ⊥ AS, each 90°)
∠ A = ∠ A (Common)
and AS = AC (Given)
∴ ∆ABE ≅ ∆ACF (By AAS congruence axiom)
⇒ BE = CF (By CPCT)

Question 4. .
ABC is a triangle in which altitudes BE and CF to sides AC and AB are equal (see figure). Show that
(i) ∆ABE = ∆ACF
(ii) AB = AC i.e., ABC is an isosceles triangle. Solution:
In ∆ABE and ∆ACF, we have
∠ AEB = ∠ AFC (Each 90°)
∠ BAE = ∠ CAF (Common)
and BE =CF (Given)
∴ ∆ABE ≅ ∆ACF (By AAS congruence axiom)
∴ AB = AC
So, ∆ABC is isosceles.

Question 5.
ABC and DBC are isosceles triangles on the same base BC (see figure). Show that ∠ ABD = ∠ACD. Solution:
In ∆ABC, we have
AB=AC (∵ AABC is an isosceles triangle)
∴ ∠ ABC = ∠ ACB …(i)
(∵ Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
In ∆ DBC, we have
BD = CD (∵ ADBC is an isosceles triangle)
∴ ∠ DBC = ∠ DCB …(ii)
(∵ Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
On adding Eqs. (i) and (ii), we have .
∠ ABC + ∠ DBC = ∠ ACB + ∠ DCS
⇒ ∠ ABD = ∠ ACD

Question 6.
∆ABC is an isosceles triangle in which AB = AC. Side BA is produced to D such that AD = AB (see figure). Show that ∠ BCD is a right angle. Solution: Question 7.
ABC is a right angled triangle in which ∠ A = 90° and AB = AC, find ∠ B and ∠ C.
Solution:
We have, ∠A = 90° (Given) AB = AC (Given)
⇒ ∠B = ∠C
(∵ Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
Now, we have
∠A+∠B+∠C = 180° (By ∆ property)
90° + ∠B+ ∠B = 180°
⇒ 2 ∠B = 90°
⇒ ∠B = 45°
∴ ∠B = ∠C = 45°

Question 8.
Show that the angles of an equilateral triangle are 60° each.
Solution:
Let ∆ ABC be an equilateral triangle, such that AB = BC = CA (By property)
Now, AB = AC
⇒ ∠B = ∠C …..(i)
(∵Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
Similarly, CB = CA
⇒∠A = ∠B …(ii)
(∵ Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
From Eqs. (i) and (ii), we have
∠A=∠B=∠C …(iii)
Now, ∠A+ ∠B+ ∠C = 180° (By ∆ property)
∠A + ∠A + ∠A = 180° [From Eq. (iii)]
3 ∠A = 180°
∠A = 60°
Hence, ∠ A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°