Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 English Literature Poem Chapter 7 Revision
A. Simple Presenl/Progressive/Perfect:
Fill in the blanks with correct forms of the verbs given in brackets:
- The children are quiet. Go and see what they……….(do).
- Don’t you…….(understand) what the lecture is saying? No, I……(not understand) him at all.
- Sita…….(sweep) the steps inside her house.
- Water always…..(freeze) at 0 degrees centigrade.
- I wonder what he…..(speak) now.
- I won’t go out now, as it……(rain) and I……(not have) an umbrella.
- Hardly anyone……(wear) a hat nowadays.
- You…..(not tell) the truth. How do you know that I…..(not tell) the truth?
- Mohan….still……(do) his homework. His sister who always…..(work) quicker,……(play) already in the garden.
- What you generally…..(do) for a living?
- Whenever he drinks water, he begins…..(cough).
- A wise pianist……(practice) four hours a day.
- I……(lose) my pen…..(you/see) it anywhere?
- He often……..(see) her but he never…….(speak) to her.
- I…..(buy) a new car. Would you come and look at it?
- It seems you just………(cut) your hair.
- She…..(not read) a newspaper since June 2.
- The windows…….(not clean) for three months.
- He………(not shave) since the day before yesterday.
- Meena is on leave. She……. (go) to France.
- are doing.
- understand, do not understand
- is sweeping
- is speaking
- is raining, do not have
- do not tell, am not telling the truth
- is, doing, works, has played
- have lost, Have you seen
- sees, speaks
- have bought
- have cut
- has not read
- have not been cleaned
- has not shaved
- has gone
B. Simple Past/Past Progressive:
I. Put the verbs in the correct forms:
- I….(watch) television when my friend……(arrive).
- Sheela ……(break) down when she…..(hear) the news.
- She…..(cook) food when I visited her.
- They were thinking about the problem all day, but they never….(find) the answer.
- How fast…..(he/drive) when the accident…….(occur)?
- The bus crashed and many passengers….(get) hurt.
- When he…….(correct) the fuse he…….(get) a very bad shock.
- A little later the teacher……(notice) that smoke……(rise) from the desk.
- Ramesh…….(work) when his mother came in.
- Where …… you……(go)? How long…….(be) your stay?
- was watching, arrived
- broke, heard
- was cooking
- was he driving, occurred?
- was correcting, got
- noticed, was rising
- was working
- did, go, was
C. Put the verb in the correct form (Past Perfect or Simple Past)
- Hardly……(hunter/see) the tiger when it…..(leap) on him.
- The students believed that they…..(already/do) the exercise.
- When we……(get) home, night already…….(fall).
- She looked as if she….(not wash) for years.
- This …….(cause) a war between two nations.
- He…..(die) by the time the doctor……(arrive).
- When I…….(arrive) at the theater, the show…..(already/begin).
- When we….(reach) the bank it had closed.
- By 2005, the singer………(record) ten albums.
- He…..(say) that he……(study) the book before.
- the hunter had seen, leaped
- had already done
- got, had fallen
- had not washed
- had caused
- had died, arrived.
- arrived, had already begun
- had recorded
- said, had studied
D. Future Tense/Time:
Put the verbs in brackets into present continuous or the future tense. The ‘be + going to’ form could be used here instead of the present continuous.
- You……(be) able to drive after five days practice.
- She……(play) in a cricket match on Sunday.
- Which horse you…..(ride) tomorrow?
- By next year he……(leave) studies.
- They…….lay the foundations on Monday.
- I…….(change) my house next month.
- ……. you (open) the door for me please?
- …….you……(buy) stamps? Yes, I am.
- Why…….you (take) up that floor board?
- I…….(catch) the 7:30 train.
- will be
- is going to play
- are going to ride
- is going to leave
- will lay
- will change
- Are, buying
- will, take
- am going to catch
E. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of verbs given in brackets:
- At last you are here! I (wait) here for more than two hours.
- If I were a bird, I (fly) in the sky.
- I shall not go unless he (come).
- It’s time children (go) to bed.
- You had better (take) an umbrella, as it may rain.
- Have you ever (see) a tiger?
- Don’t cut the fully (grow) up trees.
- For rash driving his licence (cancel).
- English (speak) all over the world.
- Killing of birds and animals (ban) by King Abhay Singh.
- have been waiting
- would fly
- grown up
- has been
- is spoken
- was banned
F. Complete the following paragraph choosing nouns, adjectives or adverbs from the list given below:
[ego, extremely, invasion, surprise, advanced, action, prosperous, immediately, boundary, intelligent, arrogance, curious, fantastic, imagination, withdrawal]
The ‘Book that Saved the Earth’ is a…….play. The author’s…….allows him to put the dramatic……in the twenty fifth century. Think-Tank is a……character designated as commander-in-chief of the Mars. But he is full of………and believes that the people of the Earth are not so………as the people of the Mars. His plan of……on the Earth seems to be ……ambitions and is motivated by…..To his utter…….the people of the Earth turn out to be more…..and….He…….instructs his officers for a quick…..of the space-crew from the……..of the Earth.
The book that saved the Earth’ is a fantastic play. The author’s imagination allows him to put the dramatic action in the twenty-fifth century. Think-tank is a curious character designated as commander-in-chief of the Mars. But he is full of ego and believes that the people of the earth are not so intelligent as the people of the Mars. His plan of invasion on the Earth seems to be extremely ambitious and is motivated by arrogance to his utter surprise, the people of the Earth turn out to be more prosperous and advanced. He immediately instructs his officers for a quick withdrawal of the space-crew from the boundary of the earth.
A. Put the following sentences into passive forms:
- Who bought it?
- Many people opposed this.
- Students do a lot of work.
- She has written a poem.
- We use this room on special occasions.
- Somebody has knocked the door.
- I don’t know him.
- They are playing tennis in the ground.
- Close the windows.
- Please don’t overeat or you will be ill.
- The principal gave me a prize.
- Why should you not trust me?
- Nobody can go there.
- Don’t make fun of the handicapped.
- Someone is following us.
- By whom was it bought?
- This was opposed by many people.
- A lot of work is done by students.
- A poem has been written by her.
- This room is used by us on special occasions.
- The door has been knocked.
- He is not known to me.
- Tennis is being played by them in the ground.
- Let the windows be closed.
- You are requested not to overeat as you will be ill.
- I was given a prize by the principal.
- Why should I not be trusted by you?
- Nobody is allowed to go there.
- The handicapped must not be made fun of?
- We are being followed.
B. Put the following sentences in a passive voice as shown:
Eg. They like Mango. Mango is liked.
- They did not look after the children properly.
The children ………..
- Nobody called the police.
The Police …………
- People must not take their weapons in hand.
- People say that he was a thief.
It is said …………….
- We hope that they will turn down the proposal.
It is hoped …………..
- It is your duty to know.
You are supposed ………..
- Don’t do it.
- Don’t tease the weak boys.
- Someone is following us.
- Don’t touch this switch.
- The children were not looked after properly by them.
- The police was not called.
- Weapons must be taken by people in their hands.
- It is said that he was a thief.
- It is hoped that they will turn down the proposal.
- You are supposed to know.
- Let it not be done.
- Let the weak boys not be teased.
- We are being followed by someone.
- You are advised not to touch this switch.
C. Complete the following sentences using one of the following verbs in the correct form:
check, close, allow, post, translate, find, cure, organise, damage
- The troops have been called out.
- My parcel……..
- Godan …… into English.
- Smoking ……… in public places.
- Let all the gates ………
- My book …… after a big search.
- A hospital is a place where patients ………
- Annual function …… every year in our school.
- The road ….. quite ………..
- He ….. for his ticket.
- have been called out
- has been posted
- has been translated into
- is not allowed
- be closed.
- has been found
- are cured.
- in organised
- is, damaged.
- was checked
D. Rewrite the sentences in the passive form, beginning your sentences with the words in italics:
- It is thought that our scientists are popular abroad.
- It is said that tobacco is injurious to health.
- It was believed that France had test fired a missile.
- It was felt that the new income tax rules were insufficient.
- It is said that Japan has invented a new photostate machine.
- It is expected that the guests will arrive tomorrow.
- It is thought that RPSC is advertising vacancies for teachers.
- It was thought that a T. V. channel had leaked the budget data.
- Our Scientists are thought to be popular abroad.
- Tobacco is said to be injurious to health.
- France was believed to have test fired missile.
- The new income tax rules were felt to be in sufficient.
- Japan is said to have invented a new photo state machine.
- The guests are expected to arrive tomorrow.
- RPSC is thought to of advertising vacancies far teaches.
- A T.V. channel was thought to have leaked the budget date.
Complete the sentences using the verb in the passive form:
- Smoking at public places …… unlawful, (declare)
- The thief ……… yesterday, (catch)
- Honesty……… everywhere, (appreciate)
- The audit of accounts……..(do already)
- They……..to me. (know)
- The enemy plane…….recently, (gun down)
- The gallantry awards for this year……..(announce)
- is declared
- was caught
- is appreciated
- has already been done
- are known
- was gunned down
- have been announced.
A. Put the following sentences into indirect speech:
- The boys said, “we want to play a match”.
- The teacher said, “we don’t have much time for a match now”.
- Nisha said him, “I have something to show you”.
- “I am going away tomorrow, father”, Ram said.
- She said, “My husband has just been made the commissioner of Police.”
- “I have a message for your sister”, I said.
- Sohan said, “Yesterday I did not go to college”.
- Satish said to Manisha, “You promised to ring me everyday.”
- The teacher said to the class, “If you don’t work hard, you will fail.”
- They said, “We will wait for you if you are late”.
- The boys said that they wanted to play a match.
- The teacher said that he didn’t have much time far a match then.
- Nisha told him that she had something to show him.
- Ram told father that he was going away the next day.
- She said that her husband had just been made the commissioner of police.
- I said that I had a message for her sister.
- Sohan said that the previous day he had not gone to college.
- Satish told Manisha that she had promised to ring her everyday.
- The teacher told the class that if they (it) didn’t work hard, they would fail.
- They said that they would wait for him if he was late.
B. Put the following sentences into indirect speech:
- “Would you like to come with us.” they said.
- The colnmandar in chief said, “Farewell, my country”.
- “Why are you not appearing in exams?” said his friend.
- “When do you want to speak?” asked the gatekeeper.
- “How long have you been learning French?” said the teacher.
- “Where will you be tomorrow,” I said, “in case I have to ring you?”
- She said, “Let’s enjoy a good dinner and party”.
- He said to her, “May you live long!”
- The son said, “Do you think you could give some more pudding, please, Mother?
- “Go and get me a piece of chalk, and come straight back,” the teacher said to the boy.
- He said, “thank you”.
- He said, “Liar”.
- She said, “What a pity!”
- “Let me explain,” She said, “Don’t be in such a hurry”.
- “Get yourself some new clothes.” I suggested.
- They requested him to go with them.
- The commander-in-chief bade his country farewell
The commander-in-chief bade farewell to his country.
- His friend asked him why he was not appearing in exams.
- The gate keeper asked him when he wanted to speak.
- The teacher asked him how long he had been learning French.
- I asked him where he would be tomorrow in case I had to ring him.
- He proposed that we should enjoy a good dinner and party.
- He prayed that she might live long.
- The son requested mother to give some more pudding.
- The teacher commanded you to go and get him a piece of chalk and come straight back.
The teacher ordered the boy to go and get him a piece of chalk and come straight back.
The teacher told the boy to go and get him a piece of chalk and come straight back.
- He called me liar.
- She exclaimed with sorrow that it was a great pity.
- She proposed and explained that he should not be in such a hurry.
- I suggested him, to get himself some new clothes.
Given below are more sentences for exercise on direct/indirect speech
C. Change the following sentences into indirect speech.
- “Where do you live?” asked the stranger.
- He said, “Will you listen to such a man?’
- “Do you suppose you know better than your own father?” asked his angry mother.
- Rama said to Arjun, “Go away.”
- He said to him, “Please wait there till I return.”
- He shouted, “Let me go.”
- “Call the first witness,” said the judge.
- He said, “Alas! I am undone.”
- Alice said, “How clever I am!.”
- He said, “Bravo! You have done well!
- The stranger asked him when he lived.
- He asked him whether he would listen to such a man.
- His angry mother asked him if he supposed he knew better than his father.
- Ram told Arjun to go away.
- He requested him to wait there till he returned.
- He shouted to let him go.
- The judge ordered him to call the first witness.
- He exclaimed with sorrow that he was undone.
- Alice exclaimed with wonder that she was very clever.
- He applauded him that he had done well.
D. Change the following sentences into indirect speech.
- She wrote, “I am waiting and watching and longing for my son’s return.”
- He said to her, “What do you want?”
- He asked, “Are you coming home with me?”
- “Do you really come from China?” said the Prince.
- “Don’t you know the way home?” asked I.
- The young sparrow said, “Mother, what is that queer object?”
- “Who are you, Sir, and what do you want?” They cried.
- “Run away, children,” said their mother.
- “Go down to the Bazaar. Bring me some oil and a lump of ice”, ordered his master.
- The teacher said, “The Earth moves around the sun.”
- She wrote that she was waiting and watching and longing for her son’s return.
- He enquired of her what she wanted.
- He asked him if he was going home with him.
- The prince asked him if he really came from China.
- I asked him whether he did not know the way home.
- The young sparrow asked mother what that queer object was.
- They cried and asked him respectfully who the was. He father enquried of him what he wanted.
- Their mother told her children to run away.
- His master dared him to go down to he Bazar. He further commanded him to bring him some oil and a lump of ice.
- The teacher said that the earth moves around the Sun.
A. Fill in the blanks with Relative Pronouns (who, which, that, whose)
- Mohan works in the bank……..is situated on the main road.
- We like the teachers…..always help students.
- We are afraid of the animals…..are carnivorous.
- People dislike officers……..attitude is negative.
- Remove the stones……are found on roads.
- Respect the people……..always speak the truth.
- Our school library has some books……..are rare.
- The birds……..come in the Ghana Bird Sanctury are wonderful.
- The computers…….were bought last year are out of use.
- The bronze statue…….I saw in the museum has been stolen.
B. Combine the following sentences using the conditional clauses (if, unless, as soon as):
- The function began. The guest arrived.
- People do not wear helmets. They will be fined.
- You have no proof of innocence. The court will convict you.
- The hospital provides emergency services. The serious patients will be saved.
- You heat ice. It will melt.
- You are thirsty. You drink water.
- You call off the strike. The Government will accept your demands.
- You want to talk to me. Give me a missed call around 5 O’clock.
- You did not consult the doctor. Your disease would be cured.
- You did not pay your telephone bill. You would not escape the penalty.
- As soon as the function began, the guest arrived.
- If people do not wear helmets, they will be find.
- If you have no proof of innocence, the court will conceit you.
- If the hospital provides emergency services, the serious patients will be saved.
- As soon as you heat is, it will melt.
- If you are thirsty, you will drink water.
- As soon as you call off the strike, the government will accept your demands.
- Give me a missed call around 5 o’ clock it you want to talk to me.
- If you did not consult the doctor, your disease would not be cured.
- If you did not pay your telephone bill, you would not escape the penalty.
C. Fill in the blanks with appropriate conjunctions ‘who’, ‘whom’, ‘whose’, ‘which’ or ‘that’:
- The man ……… organised the blood donation camp is a professor.
- The Government will compensate the farmers……..crops have been destroyed by floods.
- The diamond ring……….I bought last year has been lost.
- The kites…….are made in Jaipur attract foreigners.
- The herbs……….are found in the Himalayas are rare.
- The chief secretary…….the police arrested had a lot of money and gold.
- The borrowers……..bank loans are unpaid will be penalized.
- The furniture………has been declared useless will be repaired.
- The trees……were planted two years back have grown big.
- The tennis player……..the customs officials detained at the airport was interrogated.
D. Read the italicised noun clauses in the sentences given below:
- What you say I do not understand.
- I understand what you say.
Complete the following sentences by adding noun clauses as shown above:
- What…….we do not believe.
- What……..makes me disappointed.
- I am satisfied with……..
- We cannot rely on…………
- What………cannot be ignored.
- The students should know…….
- What the crowd did………
- What the Government has announced……
- What the scientists say……..
- Parents know………
- you say
- she does
- what I have.
- what he says.
- he did
- how they can perform better.
- matter of bravery.
- a good decision.
- can be proved.
- children want
E. Complete the following sentences using noun clauses:
- He said that……
- ……..may not the answer of this question.
- The boy…….is my brother.
- The horse……..is in the stable.
- Ram asked …….
- That……was not the problem.
- The book that…….has been stolen.
- I must refer you……yesterday.
- You must do…..
- Tell me…….
- the earth is round.
- What he has written
- who stood first in the class
- that your brother bought yesterday
- where Ravi was going yesterday.
- your friend bought on old book
- had a blue cover
- what teacher said
- are suggested by your parents.
what your parents have suggested you.
- what you were playing in the park.
F. Fill in the blanks with ‘whom’, ‘which’, that’ or ‘who’:
- My friend…….is blind.
- She has broken the pen….I gave her.
- The gun…….I wanted to buy was not in the market.
- The person …….you don’t know is one of the best friends of mine.
- He knows the boy……..you are going to see.
- The student………the teacher scolded is standing.
- The story……you told is an interesting one.
G. Combine the following pairs of sentences by using who, which, that, where, when and why.
- That is the man. He looks after the garden, (who)
- That is the men who looks after the garden.
- That is not the car. It runs smoothly, (which)
- He trained the horse. It will win the race, (which)
- This is the cat. It caught the rat. (that)
- He is the gentleman. He will give us a speech, (who)
- We saw the man. He sells bananas, (who)
- I met a girl yesterday. This is the girl, (whom)
- Here is a story. I want to tell it. (that)
- Is this the house? You were born in it. (where)
- Can you remember the time. Your grandfather died, (when)
- Give me the reason. You have not done your homework, (why)
- That is not the car which runs smoothly.
- He trained the horse which will win the race.
- This is the cat that caught the rat.
- He is the gentleman who will give us a speech.
- We saw the man who sells bananas.
- This is the girl whom I met yesterday.
- Here is a story that I want to tell.
- Is this the house where you here born?
- Can you remember the time when your grandfather died?
- Give me the reason why you have not done your homework.
H. Complete the following sentences by using adverbial clauses:
- I will forgive you if…….
- The mouse will play when…….
- He had just finished his work when………
- You will get good marks because…….
- Although………he is honest……..
- We should not go where……….
- She did not tell why………
- you tell me the truth.
- the cat is away.
- the clock struck twelve.
- you have worked hard this year.
- he is poor
- there is danger.
- she cried out.
I. Join the following sentences using the conjunctions given in brackets:
- The guests arrived. The function began, (as soon as)
- People will buy coolers. The summer has set in. (as)
- He cannot buy a car. He does not have much money, (as)
- She fell asleep. She was reading, (while)
- You should read the history of Shivaji. You have free time, (whenever)
- As soon as the guests arrived, the function began.
- As the summer has set in, people will buy coolers.
- As he does not have much money, he cannot buy a car.
- While she was reading, she fell asleep.
- Whenever you have free time, you should read the history of Shivaji.
A. Fill in the blanks with appropriate modals:
- He had no key, so he …….. not open the lock.
- ………….. you stand on your head?
- …….. I borrow your pen?
- If you feel ill you……..leave early.
- The buses were all full; we…….get a cab.
- Mother told the son that he…….play with matches.
- She has the key; you………ring the bell.
- I…….like to draw your attention to our problem.
- If you favor me, I……be very grateful to you.
- How……….you to come in my chamber without my permission.
- should not
B. Complete the following conversation using suitable modals:
Seema: …….I come in sir?
Teacher: No, you…..because you are late.
Seema: Sorry sir, it was all due to heavy traffic. I……never be late again.
Teacher: Ok, but you……be late in future.
Seema: Thank you sir.
Teacher: ……I start the new lesson now?
Seema: Oh! Sir I…….not bring my textbook because Naresh had taken it yesterday.
Teacher: But you…..not have it. I……teach you about modals today.
Seema: All right sir, one thing more,……you lend me your pen please?
Teacher: No, you are a very negligent student. You…..see everything before you come to school.
Seema: May I come in sir?
Teacher: No, you may not because you are late.
Seema: Sorry sir, it was all due to heavy traffic. I will never be late again.
Teacher: Ok, but you must not be late in future.
Seema: Thank you sir.
Teacher: May I start the new lesson now?
Seema: Oh! sir I could not bring my textbook because Naresh had taken it yesterday.
Teacher: But you need not have it. I will teach you about modals today.
Seema : All right sir, one taking more, would you lend me your pen please?
Teacher : No, you are a very intelligent student. You must see everything before you come to school.
A. Combine the following sentences using the words given in brackets:
- The weather is very cold. We cannot go out. (so-that)
- He is very ill. He cannot go to his office, (too-to)
- The man is very rich. He can help you. (enough to)
- She works hard. She may not fail, (lest)
- Russia is powerful. America is more powerful, (not as)
- The ceiling of the room is very high. I cannot touch it. (too-to)
- He is prosperous. He is famous, (not only-but also)
- He ran fast. He might miss the train, (lest)
- Don’t drive fast. You may not have an accident, (so that)
- He had not worked hard. He would have passed the examination. (If)
- The weather is so cold that we cannot go out.
- He is too ill to go to his office.
- The man is rich enough to help you.
- She works hard lest she should fail.
- Russia is not so powerful as America.
- The ceiling of the room is too high for me to touch.
- He is not only prosperous, but also famous.
- He ran fast lest he should miss the train.
- Don’t drive fast so that you will not have an accident.
- If he had worked hard, he would have passed the examination.
B. Combine the following sentences using ‘lest’:
- Hurry up. You may miss the conference.
- He wore warm clothes. He might catch a cold.
- She does not use the mobile phone. Her father may rebuke her.
- He does not take medicines regularly. The infection may recur.
- Don’t stand beneath the roof of the old building. The roof may collapse.
- Hurry up lest you should miss the conference.
- He wore warm clothes lest he should catch a cold.
- She does not use the mobile phone lest her father should rebuke her
- He does not take medicines regularly lest the infection should recur.
- Joint stand beneath the roof of the old building lest the roof should collapse.
A. Each of the sentences given below contains an error. Rewrite the correct sentences by removing the errors:
- Gandhiji gave emphasis about the prayer.
- Babuli shocked by the dispute in the family.
- The American negroes are more richer than their brethren in Britain.
- It’s time we eat our food.
- Having take rest, we continued our journey.
- If you will get proper training, you will become successful.
- Hardly he had reached the station than the train started.
- No sooner did the feast ended when the old man saw the thief.
- It does not hardly matter if says yes or no.
- He has celebrated his birthday yesterday.
- The teacher told him come late.
- The boy denied obey the teacher.
- He has sent e-mail yesterday.
- They just returned from Mumbai.
- It is raining since morning.
- There the bus is going!
- The earth went round the sun.
- The guests have entertained properly.
- I told him why he is telling a lie.
- The seller asked me that I wanted to buy shoes.
- Gandhiji gave emphasis on the prayer.
- Babuli was shocked by the dispute in the family.
- The American Negroes are richer than their brethren in Britain.
- It’s time when we eat our food.
- Having taken rest, we continued our journey.
- If you get proper training, you will become successful.
- Hardly he had reached the station when the train started.
- No sooner did the feast end than the old man saw the thief.
- It hardly matters it he says yes or no.
- He celebrated his birthday yesterday.
- The teacher asked him why he came late.
- The boy denied to obey the teacher.
- He had sent e-mail yesterday.
- They have just returned from Mumbai.
- It has been raining since morning.
- How the bus in going there!
- The earth goes round the Sun.
- The guests have been entertained properly.
- I asked him why he was telling a lie.
- The seller asked me if I wanted to buy shoes.
B. Each of the sentences given below contains an error. Rewrite the correct sentences by removing the errors:
- The students did not stood up when the teacher came.
- What you want from me?
- Where the thief hid the stolen watch?
- He cried that how unlucky was he.
- I was invited on tea.
- When it will rain, the farmer will sow their fields.
- You had better to take a helper with you.
- When he saw you last?
- He is living here for 20 years.
- Did not you complete your homework?
- The students did not stand up when the teacher came.
- What do you want from me?
- Where did the thief hide the stolen watch?
- He cried that he was very unlucky.
- I was invited to tea.
- When it rains, the farmer will sow his fields.
- You had better take a helper with you.
- When did he see you last?
- He has been living here for twenty years?
- Did you not complete your homework?
Did not you complete your homework?