Helping verbs: वे क्रियायें (Verb) हैं जो मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verbs) के पहले रखी जाकर उनका Tense, Mood या Voice बदलने में सहायता करती है। इनमें से अधिकांश ‘be’ की forms है। इन्हें 24-Friends of Finite भी कहते हैं। ये निम्न हैं।

  • is, am, are, was, were, will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must, ought, dare, need, has, have, had, do, does, did व use to

उपर्युक्त 24 सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) में से निम्न को Modals या Modals Auxiliaries कहते हैं।

  • can, could, shall, should, will, would, would, may, might, must, need, ought to, dare व use to

Modals से mood या भाव या मनोदशा का पता चलता है। वास्तव में Modals सहायक क्रियाएँ ही होती हैं।अतः ये अकेली नहीं आती। ये मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) के साथ आती हैं। Examples,
• He should go.
• It may rain.

Modal Auxiliaries की विशेषताएँ

  • इनकी III Person, Singular Number के Subject के साथ -s form नहीं होती।
  • इनकी -ing form नहीं होती।
  • अन्य Verbs की तरह, इनकी 3 forms- Present, Past व Past Participle नहीं होती।
  • ये अन्य Verbs के साथ मिलकर, उनके अर्थ को प्रभावित करते हैं।

Negative Forms of Modal Auxiliaries

Modal Auxiliaries के negative दो प्रकार बनते हैं। (1) Short form, (2) Full form
Short form का प्रयोग बोलचाल (conversation) में अधिक करते हैं। Written English में short form व full form दोनों का ही प्रयोग समान रूप से किया जाता है।
RBSE Class 10 English Grammar Modals 1

Use of Negative Forms

  1. I can go there.
    I cannot go there.
    I can’t go there.
  2. We could go there.
    We could not go there.
    We couldn’t go there.
  3. I shall go there.
    I shall not go there.
    I shan’t go there.
  4. He should go there.
    He should not go there.
    He shouldn’t go there.
  5. She will go there.
    She will not go there.
    She won’t go there.
  6. It would go there.
    It would not go there.
    It wouldn’t go there.
  7. They may go there.
    They may not go there.
    They mayn’t go there.
  8. You might go there.
    You might not go there.
    You mightn’t go there.
  9. Ramesh must go there.
    Ramesh must not go there.
    Ramesh mustn’t go there.
  10. Sita need not go there.
    Sita needn’t go there.
    Need Sita go there?
  11. They ought to go there.
    They ought not to go there.
    They oughtn’t to go there.

Note:

  • Need का प्रयोग Model Auxiliary के रूप में सामान्यतया Negative और Interrogative Sentences में ही होता है।
  • Ought के बाद to का प्रयोग अनिवार्य रूप से होता है।
  • Ought का प्रयोग Past Tense में हो तो इसके बाद to have + verb की III form काम में आएगी।

1. Use of ‘Can’

Can का प्रयोग निम्नलिखित बातें बताने के लिए होता है।

  1. Ability (योग्यता) बताने के लिए
    He can swim across any river.
    Mr. James can teach English Grammar to any class.
    A poet can compose poems.
  2. Power (शक्ति-प्रदर्शन) के लिए
    Deepak Singh can beat most other wrestlers.
    Fire can burn anything.
    He can climb any mountain as he is a very good mountaineer.
  3. Permission (आज्ञा) माँगने या देने के लिए
    Can I use your pen? Yes, you can. No, you can’t?
    Can you lend me your shirt? Yes, I can. No, I can’t?
  4. Capability (योग्यता) बताने के लिए
    He can speak English fluently.
    They can work continuously for six hours.
  5. Capacity (क्षमता) बताने के लिए
    This pitcher can hold a lot of water.
    The Headmaster can grant you scholarship.
    I can lend you one hundred rupees.
  6. Strong Probability (सशक्त) संभावना बताने के लिए
    The Ram Charit Manas can be found in every Hindu family.
    He can be a highly qualified man.

Note: Cannot का प्रयोग prohibition के लिए किया जाता है।
You cannot do what you like.
You can’t touch my body.

2. Use of ‘Could’

  1. Past Tense में Could का प्रयोग उपर्युक्त बातें बताने के लिए किया जाता है।
    Jerry could chop trees when he was only six years old. (ability)
    Rustam could defeat any wrestler. (power)
    Vivekanand could speak in English continuously for many hours. (capability)
    It could be true. (strong probability)
    Ramesh was so weak that he could not walk. (capacity)
  2. Polite request (विनप्र निवेदन) के लिए
    Could you lend me one hundred rupees?
    Could you tell me the way to the secretariat?
    Could you give me your book?
  3. Could have का प्रयोग भूतकाल (Past Tense) के लिए होता है।
    I could have learnt this poem easily.
    He could have swum in the river.

3. Use of ‘Shall and Will’

  1. साधारणतया I और We के साथ Shall और अन्य के साथ Will लगाते हैं।
    (a) We shall go to see our parents tomorrow.
    (b) I shall take medicine regularly.
    (c) Ramesh will go to Udaipur tomorrow.
    (d) My brother will take exercise regularly from tomorrow.
  2. विशेष परिस्थिति में अर्थात इच्छा, आज्ञा, प्रतिज्ञा, वादा, धमकी, निषेध व संकल्प बताने के लिए I और we के साथ will और अन्य के साथ shall काम में लेते हैं।
    I will not give up smoking in any condition. (संकल्प)
    I will help the poor and the needy. (इच्छा)
    Duryodhan said, “I will not give an inch of land to the Pandavas.” (प्रतिज्ञा या संकल्प)
    If you don’t return my money, I will beat you. (धमकी)
    If you don’t return my money. I will beat you. (धमकी)
    You shall not enter the class. (निषेध)
  3. Interogative Sentences में Future Tense बताने के लिए I और We के साथ shall और अन्य के साथ will काम में लेते हैं।
    Shall we go there?
    Shall I write an essay?
    Will you go to the garden?
    Will you fly kites in January?

Note: Use ‘will’ when in confusion.

4. Use of ‘Should’

Shall का Past Tense-Should है। Should का प्रयोग निम्न स्थानों पर करते हैं।

  1. Duty (कर्तव्य) और Moral responsibility (नैतिक उत्तरदायित्व) बताने के लिए सभी Persons के साथ
    We should help the poor and the needy.
    We should respect the elders.
    We should pray to God daily.
  2. Advice (सलाह) देने के लिए
    You should work hard to improve your division.
    You should call for help when you are in trouble.
    You should go for a walk daily.
  3. Suggestion (सुसाव) देने के लिए
    You should invest your money in the N.S.C.
    You should do your home-work regularly.
  4. Sequence of Tenses में – यदि वाक्य Past Tense में शुरू हुआ हो।
    I told my brother that we should work harder in future.
  5. Past Tense में कर्तव्य बताने के लिए should have का प्रयोग करते हैं।
    We should have gone there before long.
    We should have helped the sick and the poor.
  6. Lest के साथ हमेशा should का प्रयोग होता है।
    Read carefully lest you should fail.
    Walk carefully lest you should stumble.

5. Use of ‘Would’

will का Past Tense would है। would का प्रयोग निम्न स्थानों पर करते हैं:

  1. Past Tense में बार बार होने वाली घटवाओं के लिए
    We would read the Ram Charit Manas every evening last month.
    Din Mohn would go to mosque every Friday when he was here.
    We would fly kites all day long when we were young.
  2. More Politeness (अधिक विनम्रता) बताने के लिए
    Would you please lend me your pen?
    Would you please sing a song?
    Would you mind opening the window?
  3. Preference (वरीयता) बताने के लिए would rather को प्रयोग करते हैं।
    He would rather have tea than coffee.
    I would rather die than beg.
  4. Conditional Sentences में काल्पनिक संभावना व्यक्त करने के लिए।
    If I were rich, I would buy an aeroplane.
    If I were rich, I would help the poor and the needy.
    Would that I were a bird.

6. Use of ‘May’

  1. Permission (आज्ञा) मांगते या देने के लिए
    May I come in, sir? Yes, you may.
  2. Possibility (संभावना) व्यक्त करने के लिए
    He may come at any time.
    The train may be late.
    There are dark clouds in the sky. It may rain today.
  3. Blessing (आशीर्वाद) देने के लिए
    May you live long.
    May you pass with flying colours.
  4. Curse (शाप) देने के लिए
    Durvasa Muni said, “May Dushyant forget you.”
  5. Wish (इच्छा या शुभकामना) व्यक्त करने के लिए
    May you prosper in life.
    May you pass this year.
  6. Aim (उद्देश्य) बताने के लिए
    Students work hard so that they may get good marks.

7. Use of ‘Might’

  1. Might का प्रयोग उपर्युक्त बातें Past Tense में बताने के लिए करते हैं।
    I am afraid the news might be true.
    He asked me if he might borrow money from me.
    It might rain today.
    He said that he might fail.
    She worked hard that she might pass.
  2. Guess (अनुमान) बताने के लिए
    It might be your father.
    Hanuman might win first prize.
  3. Hesitation (झिझक) या politeness (विनम्रता) बताने के लिए
    Might I accompany you?
    Might you come to see me tomorrow?
  4. यह may की अपेक्षा अधिक अनिश्चितता (more uncertainty) बताने के लिए
    The History teacher might come
    इतिहास शिक्षक के (आने) की संभावना काफी कम
  5. Direct Narration को Indirect Narration में बदलने पर may का Past Tense, might प्रयोग हो जाता है।
    The teacher said that it might rain.
    The palmist said that he might fall ill.

8. Use of ‘Must’

  • इसका ‘अनिवार्यता’ के रूप में प्रयोग किया जाता है।
  • इसका Past व Future Form नहीं होती।
    इसके बजाय Present Tense में has to या have to व Past Tense में had to या did not have to और Future Tense में will have to या shall have to + verb की I form काम में लेते हैं।
  • Must का negative-must not है जबकि इसका opposite-need not हैं।
    Must का प्रयोग निम्न स्थानों पर करते हैं।
  1. Command (जोरदार आदेश) देने के लिए
    You must obey the order of your superiors.
    You must pay your fees today.
  2. Obligation (Moral responsibility feat नैतिक दायित्व) बताने के लिए
    We must defend our country.
    We must do our duty.
  3. Certainty (निश्चिता) बताने के लिए
    We must have caught the train for Delhi.
    The student must have learnt his/her
  4. Necessity (अनिवार्यता) बताने के लिए
    He must work hard if he wants to get first division.
    You must take the patient to the doctor as his condition is serious.
    He is a big officer. He must purchase a car.
  5. Negative Command (निषेधात्मक आदेश) बताने के लिए
    Visitors must not disturb the animals in the zoo.
    You must not talk unnecessarily with the patient.
    He must avoid the company of bad boys.
  6. Strong Likelihood (सशक्त संभावना) बताने के लिए
    He has a big bungalow and two cars. He must be a rich man.
    The officer must have left for office as it is 10 a.m.

9. Use of ‘Need’

Need का प्रयोग Modal Auxiliary के रूप में आमतौर से Negative और Interrogative Sentences में किया जाता है, जब कार्य करना ज़रूरी न हो।
You need not go there, need you?
Need I take tonic No, you needn’t
You need not make haste as the train is late by half an hour.
Need I go to my village?
You needn’t worry about anything.

10. Use of ‘Ought To’

Ought to का प्रयोग निम्न स्थानों पर किया जाता है।

  1. धर्मपरायणता, (obligation), कर्तव्यपालन (duty), वांछनीयता (desirability) सलाह advice आदि बताने के लिए।
    You ought to obey your parents. (obligation)
    You ought to do this work. (duty)
    We ought to love our nation. (desirability)
    You ought to take exercise daily. (advice)
    We ought to help our neighbours. (desirability or obligation)
  2. अनुभव पर आधारित विश्वास (belief based on study or experience) या सशक्त संभावना (strong probability) बताने के लिए
    He ought to be your brother (strong probability)
    He has always cured complicated cases. He ought to be an experienced doctor (belief based on study.)

Note:
(i) Ought के बाद to अनिवार्य रूप से आता है।
(ii) जब ought का प्रयोग Past tense में हो तो इसके बाद to have + verb की III form आती है।

  • You ought to have obeyed your parents.
  • Shakti Singh ought to have supported Maharana Pratap.

11. Use of ‘Dare’

  1. Dare का अर्थ है ‘हिम्मत करना’
  2. इसका प्रयोग Negative व Interrogative Sentences में होता है। इसके साथ to लगाने की आवश्यकता नहीं पड़ती।
  3. Dare का प्रयोग चुनौती देने के लिए भी करते हैं।
    We dare not say so.
    How dare you do it without my permission?
    Dare you face the ghosts?

12. Use of ‘Used To’

  1. इसका प्रयोग केवल Past Tense मे होता है।
  2. यह Affirmative, Negative और Interrogative Sentences में एक समान प्रयोग में आता है।
    We used to fly kites when we were young.
    We used not to fly kites when we were young.
    Used we to fly kites when we were young?

Modals At a Glance (Modals एक झलक में)

Can shows: ability, power, permission, capability capacity and strong probability
Could shows: Past Tense of ‘Can’ and polite request
Could have is used in the Past Tense
Shall and will show:

  • general use
  • special use
  • interrogative sentences

Should shows:

  • duty and moral obligation
  • advice
  • suggestion
  • Past Tense in Sequence of Tenses
  • duty in the Past Tense
  • lest’ is always followed by ‘should’

Would shows: repealed events, more politeness, preference, use in conditional sentences.
May shows: permission, possibility, blessing, curse wish and aim.

Might shows: :

  • all the above functions of ‘may’ in the Past Tense
  • guess
  • hesitation or politeness
  • more uncertainty than may
  • in Past Tense in Indirect Narration

Must is used for:

  • necessity
  • Its past and Future forms are had to/ did not have to/and will have to/shall have to + I form of verb.
  • Its negative is ‘must not’ and opposite is ‘need not

It show:

  • command
  • obligation
  • certainty
  • necessity
  • negative command
  • strong likelihood

Need is used: in Negative and Interrogative Sentences
Ought to shows: obligation, duty, desirability, advice, belief based on study and strong probability.

Exercise Solved

Gap Filling
Question 1.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(could, shall, will, would, must, used he)

  1. He ………………… is a highly educated person.
  2. We ……… come back by evening.
  3. Our chief minister ………….. retire in January.
  4. The teacher said that he …………………… helps the pupils.

Answer.

  1. could
  2. shall
  3. will
  4. could

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(will could, should, may, might, shall)

  1. Father said that his son ………………… Fail in paraphrases.
  2. he have arrived at the bus stand in time.
  3. You ………………… take care of your health.
  4. …….. God help you.

Answer.

  1. might
  2. could
  3. should
  4. may

Question 3.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(need, ought to, shall, must, will, may)

  1. we ………………… defend our country.
  2. you ………………… not go there.
  3. you ………………… Obey your elders.
  4. she …………… go to America.

Answer.

  1. must
  2. need
  3. ought to
  4. will

Question 4.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(ought to, must, shall, may, will, might)

  1. We must pay ………………… regularly.
  2. ………………… I could in, sir?
  3. Ramesh ………………… to look after his old father.
  4. The sky is clear now. It ………………… rain in the evening.

Answer.

  1. Must
  2. may
  3. ought to
  4. might

Question 5.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(must, shall, will, used to, may, should)

  1. When they come here, we ………….. help them.
  2. The Janak Express …………. reach how at 7 o’clock is the evening.
  3. We ………………… help the crippled.
  4. When we were young, we ………………… work hard.

Answer.

  1. shall
  2. will
  3. must
  4. used to

Question 6.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(cannot, may, could, would, will, must)

  1. Hanumanji ………………….. easily cross the ocean.
  2. Everybody ……………….. climb the Everest.
  3. The principal …………….. retire this year.
  4. ………………… you lock up the door, please?

Answer.

  1. could
  2. cannot
  3. will
  4. would

Question 7.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(should, shall, can, may, will, would)

  1. He ………………… return your money.
  2. I …………………. leave Jaipur by the evening.
  3. Ramesh ………………… work day and night.
  4. Mahesh ………………… defeat Ravi in kite flying.

Answer.

  1. will
  2. shall
  3. can
  4. can

Question 8.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(Need, must, will, should, might, could)

  1. I ………………… buy car if I had money.
  2. My friend ………………… get good marks this year.
  3. You ………………… go now.
  4. I ………………… purchase a good house this year.

Answer.

  1. could
  2. might
  3. must
  4. will

Question 9.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(May, can, should, shall, would, could)

  1. She ………………….. cheat you.
  2. We’eat so that you we ………………… live.
  3.  …… I visit your library?
  4. I ……….. like to give you a surprise.

Answer.

  1. can
  2. may
  3. shall
  4. would

Question 10.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(will/shall, would, should, must/can)

  1. You ………………… do this work.
  2. They ………………… get here by 5 o’clock.
  3. Nobody ………………… touch my book without my permission.
  4. What ………………… be correct spelling?

Answer.

  1. can
  2. will
  3. shall
  4. should

Question 11.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(dare, may, ought to, shall, must, will)

  1. You …………………. to show good manners.
  2. …….. you live long and prosper!
  3. How ………………… I spare my enemy?
  4. A judge ………………… be upright.

Answer.

  1. ought to
  2. may
  3. dare
  4. must

Question 12.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(may, can, should, would, could, shall)

  1. I ……………….. continuously work for eight hours.
  2. You …………………. work hard so that you ………………… get reward.
  3. We ………………… not pass in the examination.
  4.  ……. that I were rich.

Answer.

  1. can
  2. should, may
  3. could
  4. would

Close Test

Question 1.
Write the correct answer in the bracket.

  1. Walk carefully lest you…. stumble.
    (a) would
    (b) should
    (c) could
    (d) must
  2. An English man ………………… speak English easily.
    (a) may
    (b) must
    (c) can
    (d) should
  3. They……. study more as the examinations are coming nearer.
    (a) can
    (b) may
    (c) shall
    (d) should
  4. Our team is the strongest. It …….. win the match.
    (a) must
    (b) can
    (c) may
    (d) could
  5. He …. visit the circus tomorrow but he is not certain yet.
    (a) will
    (b) must
    (c) can
    (d) may
  6. ……………. you mind giving me your pen for some time?
    (a) Should
    (b) Would
    (c) Could
    (d) Might
  7. Kamla’s husband is serious. She ……………….. go to him at once.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) must
    (d) could
  8. Mohd. Ismail …………….. read Urdu well.
    (a) will
    (b) can
    (c) could
    (d) would
  9. It is cloudy. It ………….. rain today
    (a) could
    (b) would
    (c) can
    (d) may
  10. suresh is sorry. He ………………….. not help me last month.
    (a) should
    (b) could
    (c) would
    (d) must
  11. Mugdha ran as fast as she
    (a) could
    (b) might
    (c) may
    (d) can
  12. She …………………….. read without glasses when she was young.
    (a) may
    (b) should
    (c) could
    (d) would
  13. William has two big bangalows and many cars. He………. be a rich man.
    (a) can
    (b) could
    (c) would
    (d) must
  14. My daughter Dolly has more than enough dolls. We …….. buy any more for her.
    (a) cannot
    (b) may not
    (c) need not
    (d) might not
  15. She worked as hard as she …….
    (a) can
    (b) could
    (c) may
    (d) might

Answers

  1. (b) should
  2. (c) can
  3. (d) should
  4. (a) must
  5. (d) may
  6. (b) Would
  7. (c) must
  8. (b) can
  9. (d) may
  10. (b) could
  11. (a) could
  12. (c) could
  13. (d) must
  14. (c) need not
  15. (b) could

Question 2.
Write the correct answer in the bracket.

  1. My friend is a body-builder. He ………… beat me easily.
    (a) can
    (b) could
    (c) must
    (d) need
  2. Savitry lives like a Queen. She ……… be very rich.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) must
    (d) can
  3. ………………… that I were the Chief Minister of Rajasthan.
    (a) Should
    (b)Would
    (c) Shall
    (d) Will
  4. My uncle is on death-bed. I……..see him immediately.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) must
    (d) can
  5. She ……….. not take exercise yesterday.
    (a) should
    (b) could
    (c) may
    (d) can
  6. Be careful lest you ………………… miss the bus.
    (a) can
    (b) could
    (c) should
    (d) would
  7. My mother has a lot of saris. She ……….. purchase any more.
    (a) cannot
    (b) may not
    (c) must not
    (d) need not
  8. ………………… I come in, madam?
    (a) Can
    (b) Shall
    (c) Will
    (d) May
  9. Study attentively lest you ……… fail.
    (a) would
    (b) should
    (c) will
    (d) shall
  10. My camel was not there. So, I…. not ride it.
    (a) can
    (b) could
    (c) would
    (d) will
  11. Sonu is very strong. He ………beat anyone.
    (a) can
    (b) could
    (c) will
    (d) would
  12. Whenever he goes to see his officer, he ….. wait for a long time.
    (a) have to
    (b) has to
    (c) could
    (d) would
  13. We …………. open the doors and windows, it is very cold outside.
    (a) cannot
    (b) may not
    (c) must not
    (d) need not
  14. He had been ill for a long time. So, he ………………… not accompany any one.
    (a) should
    (b) could
    (c) must
    (d) may

Answers

  1. (a) can
  2. (c) must
  3. (b) Would
  4. (c) must
  5. (b) could
  6. (c) should
  7. (c) need not
  8. (b) May
  9. (d) need not
  10. (b) could
  11. (a) can
  12. (b) has to
  13. (d) need not
  14. (b) could

Question 3.
Write the letter of the correct answer in the brackets.

  1. Your father is quite well. You ………………… consult a doctor.
    (a) should
    (b) would
    (c) must
    (d) need not
  2. …………….. I accompany you?
    (a) May
    (b) Can
    (c) Would
    (d) Need
  3. My father is very old and weak. I ………. look after him.
    (a) can
    (b) may
    (c) must
    (d) need
  4. ………. God bless you with grand success.
    (a) Must
    (b) Will
    (c) May
    (d) Can
  5. P.T. Usha …………. run as fast as a tiger.
    (a) will
    (b) can
    (c) may
    (d) must
  6. There are dark clouds in the sky today. It ….. rain any time.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) must
    (d) will
  7. ………………… God bless you with long life.”
    (a) May
    (b) Can
    (c) Shall
    (d) Will
  8. Our kabaddi team is the strongest, We ……………….. win the match.
    (a) can
    (b) must
    (c) may
    (d) might
  9. We ………………… be very careful while walking on the road.
    (a) could
    (b) should
    (c) would
    (d) might
  10. As it is Sunday today, the shops ……………. be closed.
    (a) should
    (b) may
    (c) must
    (d) might
  11. A qualified teacher ………….. teach a class well.
    (a) will
    (b) would
    (c) can
    (d) could
  12. A tailor ………………… stitch clothes.
    (a) will
    (b) shall
    (c) can
    (d) may
  13. The strong …………………. help the weak.
    (a) would
    (b) should
    (c) need
    (d) must
  14. Your parents are quite well. You ……… not worry about them.
    (a) can
    (b) will
    (c) shall
    (d) need
  15. You ……… keep your clothes neat and clean.
    (a) can
    (b) may
    (c) should
    (d) would

Answers

  1. (d) need not
  2. (a) May
  3. (c) must
  4. (c) May
  5. (b) can
  6. (a) may
  7. (a) May
  8. (b) must
  9. (b) should
  10. (c) must
  11. (c) can
  12. (c) can
  13. (b) should
  14. (d) can
  15. (c) should

Question 4.
Insert suitable Modals:

  1. ………………… you post this letter for me? (polite request)
  2. Examinees ………. answer all the questions. (obligation)
  3. Ramesh ………………… work hard for hours. (ability)
  4. The racer ………………… run continuously for many hours. (capacity)
  5. ………………… I come in, madam? (permission)
  6.  ………………… you mind opening the window? (polite request)
  7. One who is born ……. die some day or the other. (inevitability)
  8. We ………. get up early and pray daily last year. (Repeated Activity)
  9. We …….. send you a wrist-watch on your birthday. (Promise)
  10. You …………… take your rain-coat with you because it is raining heavily. (necessity)
  11. There ………………… be a cat in the kitchen. (guess)
  12. No one …………………. enter our drawing-room with dirty feet. (prohibition)
  13. I ………………… help you whenever you will need my help. (promise)
  14. He ………………… control the audience for a long time. (capability)
  15. ……………. God help whenever you are in trouble. (blessing)
  16. You ………………… to take exercise daily. (advice)
  17. He ….. play with bad boys. (negative command)
  18. We ………………… do our duty. (obligation)
  19. ………….. you pass this year. (Blessing)
  20. He ………. have tea than coffee. (preference)
  21. This pitcher …………….. hold a lot of water. (capacity)
  22. ……… speak French fluently. (capability)

Answers

  1. Would
  2. should
  3. can
  4. can
  5. May
  6. Would
  7. must
  8. would
  9. will
  10. must
  11. may
  12. shall
  13. will
  14. can
  15. May
  16. ought
  17. must not
  18. should
  19. May
  20. would rather
  21. can
  22. can

Board Questions Solved

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks choosing suitable modals from brackets :
(will, must, may, should)

Doctor to patient : You (i) ………………… take the medicines regularly. (ii) ……….. also take rest. (iii) …………… give me call, if you have to see me. I (iv) …………………. not charge for visiting you at your place.
Answer.
(i) must
(ii) should
(iii) may
(iv) will

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given in the brackets below :
(could, must, would, may, shall, will)

(i) Everybody ………………… follow the rules and regulations of the country.
(ii) This seat is vacant. You ………………… sit here.
(iii) The weather is cold. We ……………….. have a snowfall.
(iv) You ………………… not make a noise in the class.
Answers.
(1) must
(ii) could
(iii) may
(iv) shall

Question 3.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals choosing from those given in the brackets below:
(can, should, may, might, must, could)

(i) The barking of the dog made me run as fast as I ………..
(ii) I think the guide ………………… take us around the old monument.
(iii) My brother who is a wrestler ………………… lift this big pole.
(iv) You ………… come to bungalow whenever you wish.
Answers.
(i) could
(ii) should
(iii) can
(iv) may

Question 4.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(can, should, may, might, must, could)

(i) He ……….. swim very well in his youth.
(ii) You are not well at all. You ………….. see a doctor at once.
(iii) Work hard lest you …………………. fail.
(iv) He is working hard so that he ………………….. win a scholarship
Answers.
(i) could
(ii) must
(iii) should
(iv) may

Question 5.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(can, should, may, might, could)

(i) Raju is very intelligent, he ………………… get 1st Division in the Board Examination.
(ii) You are very weak, you ………………… take nutritious food.
(iii) He ………………… play football when he was in school.
(iv) You have completed your homework. Now you …………. go home.
Answers.
(i) may
(ii) should
(iii) could
(iv) can

Question 6.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(can, could, may, must, might)

(i) There are clouds in the sky. So, it ………………… rain today.
(ii) His lungs have become very weak. So, he ………………… give up smoking.
(iii) My grandmother is over sixty, but she ………………… still read without glasses.
(iv) He belonged to a poor family, therefore, he ……………….. not buy a car.
Answers.
(i) may
(ii) must
(iii) can
(iv) could

Question 7.
Fill in the blanks with suitable modals given below:
(can, could, may, must, might)

(i) There are not clouds in the sky, but it ………………… rain today.
(ii) Your son has got a first position in the board’s exam. He …… be a very intelligent boy.
(iii) She was a rich lady so she …………………. buy a car for her son.
(iv) The patient is very serious. He …………. die at any time.
Answers.
(i) might
(ii) must
(iii) could
(iv) may

Exercise For Practice

Write the letter of the correct answer in the bracket.

  1. ………………. you mind opening the window, please?
    (a) Could
    (b) Should
    (c) Would
    (d) Might
  2. There was so much noise that we ………… neither study nor sleep.
    (a) could
    (b) should
    (c) might
    (d) would
  3. Our school ……………… win in English debate. There are chances.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) could
    (d) should
  4. Students ……………….. to obey their teachers.
    (a) may
    (b) should
    (c) ought
    (d) must
  5. They …… rather die than steal.
    (a) would
    (b) could
    (c) should
    (d) must
  6. We ran as fast as we could lest we ………. miss the train.
    (a) could
    (b) would
    (c) might
    (d) should
  7. Sanjana has got the highest marks in her class. She …… be an intelligent girl.
    (a) can
    (b) may
    (c) might
    (d) must
  8. The laborer worked as hard as he ………
    (a) would
    (b) could
    (c) should
    (d) might
  9. Rashmi asked her mother if she ………. go to see the cinema.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) must
    (d) can
  10. The utensil was very heavy. So, they ………. not lift it.
    (a) would
    (b) should
    (c) could
    (d) can
  11. Living things ………………… live without oxygen.
    (a) may
    (b) might
    (c) cannot
    (d) could
  12. If I had ample money, I ………………… buy jewellery for my daughter and daughter in-law.
    (a) will
    (b) would
    (c) could
    (d) can
  13. My elder son is enough strong. He ………. lift a heavy weight.
    (a) may
    (b) can
    (c) shall
    (d) will