Day
Night

Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.4

Question 1.
Find the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations. If the real roots exist, find them:

(i) 2x² -3x + 5 = 0
(ii) 3x2 – 4√3x + 4 = 0
(iii) 2x2-6x + 3 = 0
Solution:
(i) 2x2 – 3x + 5 = 0

This is of the form ax2 + bx + c = 0,
where a = 2, b = -3 and c = 5
Discriminant, D = b2-4ac
= (-3) 2-4 x 2 x 5 = 9 – 40 = -31
Since, D < 0
Hence, no real roots exist.

(ii) 3x2 – 4√3x + 4 = 0
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.4 1
(iii) 2x2-6x + 3 = 0
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.4 2

Question 2.
Find the values of k for each of the following quadratic equations, so that they have two equal roots.

(1) 2x2 + kx + 3 = 0
(2) kx (x – 2) + 6 = 0
Solution:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.4 3

Question 3.
Is it possible to design a rectangular mango grove whose length is twice its breadth, and the area is 800 m2? If so, find its length and breadth.

Solution:
Let breadth of the rectangular mango grove be x m
Then, the length of rectangular mango grove be 2xm
According to question,
x x 2x = 800
⇒ 2x2 = 800
⇒ x2 = 400
⇒ x = ±20 [-20 is rejected]
Hence, breadth = 20 m and length = 2 x 20 = 40 m
So, it is possible to design a rectangular mango grove whose length is twice its breadth.

Question 4.
Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48.
Solution:
Let the present age of one friend be x years
Then, the present age of other friend be (20 -x) years
4 years ago, one friend’s age was (x – 4) years
4 years ago, other friend’s age was (20 -x – 4) = (16 -x) years
According to question,
(x-4) (16-x) = 48
⇒ 16x – x2 – 64 + 4x = 48
⇒ x2 – 20x + 112 = 0
This is of the form ax2 + bx + c = 0, where, a = 1, b = -20 and c = 112
Discriminant, D = b2 – 4ac
= (-20)2 – 4 x 1 x 112 = 400 – 448 = – 48 < 0
Since, no real roots exist.
So, the given situation is not possible.

Question 5.
Is it possible to design a rectangular park of perimeter 80 m and area 400 m2? If so, find its length and breadth.

Solution:
Let the length of rectangular park be x m and breadth be y m.
Given: area = 400 m2
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.4 4

0:00
0:00