Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice
( कर्तृ एवं कर्मवाच्य)

नीचे दिए गए वाक्यों को ध्यान से पढ़िए

  • Hari killed a cobra.
  • A cobra was killed by Hari.

पहले वाक्य में Subject – Hari है। इसने a cobra (एक नाग) को मारने का कार्य किया, जबकि दूसरे वाक्य में Subject -A cobra है। इसने कोई कार्य नहीं किया, बल्कि यह कार्य से प्रभावित हुआ और खुद ही मर गया। पहला वाक्य Active Voice में है और दूसरा वाक्य Passive Voice में। Active Voice में Subject महत्वपूर्ण होता है, जबकि Passive Voice में Verb महत्वपूर्ण होता है। इस प्रकार Voice दो प्रकार के होते हैं

  1. Active Voice
  2. Passive Voice

Use of Active and Passive Voice
(Active और Passive voice के प्रयोग)

Active Voice

  • जब वाक्य में verb (क्रिया) द्वारा Subject (कर्ता) को प्रधानता दी जाती है। तात्पर्य यह है कि वाक्य में Subject
    स्वयं कार्य को करे। जैसे
    (i) I write.
    (ii) Birds fly in the sky.
  • वाक्य में जब Subject (कर्ता) कोई universal truth से संबंधित हो। जैसे
    (i) The sun rises in the east.
    (ii) The winter season has set in.
  • मन की भावनाओं को व्यक्त करने के उद्देश्य से। ये वाक्य Active Voice में अच्छे लगते हैं। जैसे
    (i) I wish you a happy new year.
    (ii) I cried at Sarita.
  • साधारण Conversation (बोल-चाल) की भाषा में प्रायः Active Voice का प्रयोग किया जाता है। जैसे
    (i) I go to the market.
    (ii) Ravi is coming back from school.

Passive Voice

  • वाक्य में जब Object (कर्म) अर्थात् कार्य करने वाले को प्रधानता दी जाए। जैसे
    (i) Active : He has stolen my pencil.
    Passive : My pencil has been stolen by him.
    (ii) Active : You wrote a good letter.
    Passive : A good letter was written by you.
  • कर्ता की सही जानकारी के अभाव में वाक्य को पूर्ण करने के उद्देश्य से। जैसे
    (i) I was stopped at the check post.
    (ii) My friend was not allowed to enter the gate.
  • Active Voice के वाक्य में प्रयुक्त Subject one, somebody, nobody आदि के संदर्भ में। जैसे
    (i) Active : Somebody can quickly do it.
    Passive : It can be quickly done.
    (ii) Active : One can easily do this work.
    Passive : This work can be easily done.
    (iii) Active : Nobody can do it.
    Passive : It cannot be done.
  • जब किए गए कार्य को प्रधानता दी जाए अर्थात हमारी रुचि कार्य में हो। जैसे
    (i) Active : The government will open a school in this area.
    Passive : A school will be opened in this area.
    (ii) Active : The dispensary will distribute new medicines in this village.
    Passive : New medicines will be distributed in this village.
    (नोटः उपर्युक्त दोनों वाक्य Passive Voice में अच्छे लगते हैं।)
  • Research और विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में Passive Voice के वाक्य प्रयोग किए जाते हैं।जैसे
    (i) A new medicine is invented to fight dengue.
    (ii) Science laboratories are established everywhere.
  • किसी घटना की Reporting के संदर्भ में प्राय: Passive Voice का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
    (i) The prisoner is sent to jail.
    (ii) The book was completed and published.
  • E-mail लेखन के उददेश्य से Passive Voice on को अधिक उपयुक्त समझा जाता है।जैसे
    (i) Your mail is received.
    (ii) Your complaint is lodged.
    (iii) Your act is regretted.
    (iv) You are pardoned.

Active Voice से Passive Voice में बदलना

  1. सर्वप्रथम दिए गऐ वाक्य में, Subject, Verb व Object को underline कर लें।
  2. Subject का Object बनाएाँ व Object का Subject बनाएाँ| इसके लिए ,यदि आवश्यक हो ता रूप परिवर्तन करें, Subject की जगह Object व Object की जगह Subject को रख देते हैं।यह रूप परिवर्तन निम्न प्रकार होता है।
    I-me, We-us, She-her, He-him, They-them, It-it और You-you.
  3. यदि वाक्य में दो Object at हो तो आमतौर से Indirect Object को ही Subject के रूप में प्रयोग में लाते हैं। वैसे Direct Object को भी Subject बनाकर Passive voice बनाया जा सकता है। जैसे
    The teacher taught them Sanskrit.
    They were taught Sanskrit by the teacher.
    Sanskrit was taught them by the teacher.
  4. Active Voice से Passive Voice बनाते समय Verb की IIIrd form प्रयोग में ली जाती है व इसके पहले Tense के अनुसार be की form लगाते हैं।
  5. Be की form निम्न हैं :
    (i) Present Indefinite Tense में is/am/are
    (ii) Present Continuous Tense में is/am/are + being
    (iii) Present Perfect Tense में has/have + been
    (iv) Past Indefinite Tense में was/were
    (v) Past Continuous Tense में was/were + being
    (vi) Past Perfect Tense में had + been
    (vii) Future Indefinite Tense में will be/shall be/may be/can be/would be/should be/ might be/could be/must be या let be.
    (vii) Future Perfect Tense में will have been/shall have been/may have been/would have been/ should have been/might have been या must have been.
  6. Passive Voice में Object के पहले by लगाते हैं। यदि Subject अनिश्चित है जैसे someone, somebody, nobody, they, people आदि तो वाक्य को Passive Voice में बदलने पर इसे लिखते नहीं। अतः by का प्रयोग भी नहीं होता।
  7. Continuous Tense में उपर्युक्त दी गई be की form के आगे being + Verb की IIIrd form लगाते हैं।
  8.  केवल सकर्मक क्रिया (transitive verb) का passive बनता है; जैसे-eat, see, read, write, drink,teach आदि
  9. अकर्मक क्रिया (Intransitive Verb) का Passive नही बनता है; जैसे-stand, sit, weep, go, come, sleep, laugh आदि
  10. तीनों Perfect Continuous व Future Continuous Tense का Passive नहीं बनता अर्थात् has been, have been, had been, will have been, shall have been, may have been it will be या shall be + Verb + -ing वाले वाक्यों का Passive नहीं बनता।
  11. Active Voice से Passive Voice में बदलते समय Qualifying Words उस शब्द के साथ बने रहते हैं,जिसे वह Qualify करते हैं।
  12. यदि कर्ता (subject) महत्वपूर्ण न हो या ज्ञात न हो तो उसे Passive Voice में लिख नहीं करते e.g
    English is spoken all over the world (by people).
    My pocket has been picked (by someone).
    उपर्युक्त वाक्यों में ब्रेकिट में लिखे गए by people व by someone अच्छे नहीं लगते और meaningless है, अतः इन्हें लिखा नहीं जाता।
  13. यदि Verb के साथ Active Voice में कोई Preposition लगा हो तो Passive Voice में भी वह लगा रहेगा।
    Ramesh made fun of the lame man.
    The lame man was made fun of by Ramesh.
    Sarita brought up an orphan.
    An ohphan was brought up by Sarita.
  14. Active Voice में who से शुरू होने वाले प्रश्न Passive Voice में By whom से शुरू होते हैं।
    Who has beaten the baby?
    By whom has the baby been beaten?

याद रखें-
RBSE Class 10 English Grammar Active and Passive Voice 1

Present Tense (वर्तमान काल)

Simple Present Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार is, am, are सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + am/ is/ are + V3 (past participle) + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : The barber cuts hair.
    Passive : Hair is cut by the barber.
  • Active : Chanda reads adventurous stories.
    Passive : Adventurous stories are read by Chanda.
  • Active : The postman delivers letters.
    Passive : Letters are delivered by the postman.
  • Active : I obtain first position every year.
    Passive : First position is obtained by me every year.
  • Active : Children like sweets.
    Passive : Sweets are liked by children.

Present Continuous
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार is, being, am being ,are being सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + am/ is/ are + being + V2 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : The gardener is watering plants.
    Passive : Plants are being watered by the gardener.
  • Active : They are distributing sweets among children.
    Passive : Sweets are being distributed among children by them.
  • Active : She is writing a letter.
    Passive : A letter is being written by her.
  • Active : Shambhu and Rajat are playing badminton.
    Passive : Badminton is being played by Shambhu and Rajat.
  • Active : I am watching a movie.
    Passive : A movie is being watched by me.

Present Perfect Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार has been, have been सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + has/ have) + been + V3 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : They have washed the clothes.
    Passive : clothes have been washed by them.
  • Active : Sonam has written a letter.
    Passive : A letter has been written by Sonam.
  • Active : The police arrested the thief.
    Passive : The thief has been arrested by the police.
  • Active : You have not finished the lesson.
    Passive : The lesson has not been finished by you.
  • Active : The cat has killed the mouse.
    Passive : The mouse has been killed by the cat.
  • Active : The farmer has ploughed the field.
    Passive : The field has been ploughed by the farmer.
  • Active : Sweepers have cleaned the road.
    Passive : The road has been cleaned by sweepers.
  • Active : Boys have done the wrong.
    Passive : The wrong has been done by boys.
  • Active : Diya has sung a song.
    Passive : A song has been sung by Diya.
  • Active : I have completed it.
    Passive : It has been completed by me.

Past Tense (भूत काल)

Simple Past Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार was, were सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + was/ were + V3 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : Ramesh threw the ball.
    Passive : The ball was thrown by Ramesh.
  • Active : Children caught a kite.
    Passive : A kite was caught by children.
  • Active : The young man killed a snake.
    Passive : A snake was killed by the young man.
  • Active : They learnt the lesson.
    Passive : The lesson was learnt by them.
  • Active : I bought an envelope.
    Passive : An envelope was bought by me.

Past Continuous Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार was, were सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के बाद being लगाकर मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + was/ were + being + V3 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : The man was cleaning the street.
    Passive : The street was being cleaned by the man.
  • Active : Raman was teaching English.
    Passive : English was being taught by Raman.
  • Active : Girls were singing religious songs.
    Passive : Religious songs were being sung by girls.
  • Active : Boys were painting the door.
    Passive : The door was being painted by boys.
  • Active : The carpenter was making chairs.
    Passive : Chairs were being made by the carpenter.

Past Perfect Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार had been सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + had + been + V3 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : Tom had painted the door.
    Passive : The door had been painted by Tom.
  • Active : I had written an article.
    Passive : An article had been written by me.
  • Active : Sonu had repeated the mistake.
    Passive : The mistake had been repeated by Sonu.
  • Active : The man had drunk tea.
    Passive : Tea had been drunk by the man.
  • Active : I had cooked food.
    Passive : Food had been cooked by me.

Future Tense (भविष्यत् काल)

Simple Future Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार shall be/ will be सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs) के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + will/ shall + be + V3 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : My mother will forgive me.
    Passive : I will be forgiven by my mother.
  • Active : The teacher will help me.
    Passive : I will be helped by the teacher.
  • Active : My friend will buy a scooter.
    Passive : A scooter will be bought by my friend.
  • Active : I will draw beautiful pictures.
    Passive : Beautiful pictures will be drawn by me.
  • Active : They will help the poor man.
    Passive : The poor man will be helped by them.
  • Active : My brother will write a story.
    Passive : A story will be written by my brother.

Future Perfect Tense
इस Tense में Subject के अनुसार shall have been / will have been सहायक क्रियाओं (Helping Verbs)के साथ मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) की IIIrd Form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।जैसे
Structure: Sub + will/ shall + have + been + V3 + by + object
Examples:

  • Active : Shilpa will have done the homework.
    Passive : The homework will have been done by Shilpa.
  • Active : The cobbler will have mend the shoes.
    Passive : The shoes will have been mended by the cobbler.
  • Active : Ram will have finished this work.
    Passive : This work will have been finished by Ram.
  • Active : The police will have caught the thief.
    Passive : The thief will have been caught by the police.
  • Active : My father will have repaired the house.
    Passive : The house will have been repaired by my father

RBSE Class 10 English Grammar Active and Passive Voice 1

Exercise For Practice

Change the following sentences into Passive Voice

1. She eats vegetarian food daily.
2. He can teach Hindi well.
3. He cannot beat Hari in wrestling.
4. The farmer plants trees in the morning.
5. Harish takes breakfast in the morning.
6. Boys fired crackers at night.
7. The family was taking meal in the morning.
8. They are compiling a dictionary
9. The General ordered the Corporal to stand up.
10. We should help the needy.
11. Hema knows Dharmendra well.

Imperative Sentences

जिन वाक्यों में आज्ञा (order), प्रार्थना (request), सलाह (advice) या निषेध (prohibition) पाया जाए उन्हें हम Imperative Sentences कहते है।
इन वाक्यों को Active Voice से Passive Voice में बदलते समय वे ही नियम काम में आते हैं, जो सामान्य वाक्यों को Active Voice से Passive Voice में बदलते समय काम में आते हैं। अंतर केवल इतना है कि इनमें Let या Should का प्रयोग करके भी Passive बनाया जा सकता है।

  1. इनमें एक विशेष वाक्य-रचना (word-order) रहती है जो निम्न प्रकार है
    Structure:
    (i) Let + Subject + be + Verb on IIIrd form + by Object.
    (ii) Subject + should be + Verb की IIIrd form + by Object.
    (iii) Your are ordered / advised / requested to + ……
    यह नोट करें कि by को लिखना आवश्यक नहीं हैं। यदि Object को लिखना अत्यावश्यक हो तभी by Object का प्रयोग करें।
  2. इस प्रकार के वाक्यों में Active Voice में हमेशा ही Subject – You रहता है, जिसे आमतौर से लिखा नहीं जाता, लेकिन Passive Voice में यह कभी-कभी लिखा जाता है।
  3. इन वाक्यों में Active Voice में हमेशा ही Verb की Ist form आती है जो Passive Voice में बदलने पर नियमानुसार be + Verb की IIIrd form हो जाती है।
  4. इस प्रकार में वाक्यों में हिंदी में Verb वाक्य के अंत में लिखा जाता है, जबकि English में वाक्य Verb से आरंभ होता है।
  5. यदि Adverbs जैसे please, kindly, always या never आदि वाक्य में प्रयुक्त हों तो उन्हें आमतौर से Verb से पहले लिखते हैं।
  6. Please या Kindly से आरंभ होने वाले वाक्यों का Passive – You are requested to से आरंभ करके भी बनाया जाता है।

Examples:

  • Active : Open the window.
    Passive : Let the window be opened.
  • Active : Switch off the bulb.
    Passive : Let the bulb be switched off.
  • Active : Help the needy.
    Passive : The needy should be helped.
  • Active : Kindly solve this problem.
    Passive : You are requested to solve this problem.
  • Active : Please give me a pencil.
    Passive : You are requested to give me a pencil.

Verbs with Two Objects (Two Objects के साथ Verbs)
जब Active Voice में Verbs के दो Objects हों तो एक Object को Subject में बदल दिया जाता है और दूसरे Object को अपनी पूर्व स्थिति में छोड़ दिया जाता है, लेकिन इस Object के साथ उचित Preposition का प्रयोग होगा।

Examples:

  • Active : The man taught him a lesson.
    Passive : A lesson was taught to him by the man.
    Or
    He was taught a lesson by the man.
  • Active : He gave me a good advice.
    Passive : I was given a good advice by him.
    Or
    A good advice was given to me by him.
  • Active : The Principal gave me a prize.
    Passive : A prize was given to me by the Principal.
    Or
    I was given a prize by the Principal.
  • Active : The teacher told us an interesting story.
    Passive : An interesting story was told us by the teacher.
    Or
    We were told an interesting story by the teacher.
  • Active : Mrs. Saha teaches her English.
    Passive : English is taught to her by Mrs. Saha.
    Or
    She is taught English by Mrs. Saha.

Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative Sentences का Passive Voice प्राय: Interrogative Sentences ही होता है। इसके Passive Voice में Question Word के बाद उपयुक्त Helping Verb लगाकर Verb की IIIrd form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

  • Active : Why did you beat him?
    Passive : Why was he beaten by you?
  • Active : Which boy scolded you?
    Passive : By which boy were you scolded?
  • Active : What do children do in the field?
    Passive : What is done by children in the field?
  • Active : Who wrote this letter?
    Passive : By whom was this letter written?
  • Active : Have you closed the window?
    Passive : Has the window been closed by you?

Sentences Starting with Wh-/Ho- Question Words
Wh-/Ho शब्दों से प्रारंभ होने वाले वाक्य
इन वाक्यों को Passive Voice में बदलते समय Question के बाद उचित Helping Verb लगाकर Verb की IIIrd form का प्रयोग किया जाता है। who के लिए by whom का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

  • Active : Who broke this chair?
    Passive : By whom was this chair broken?
  • Active : Why are you beating him?
    Passive : Why is he being beaten by you?
  • Active : Whom did you help?
    Passive : Who was helped by you?
  • Active : Which book did you buy?
    Passive : Which book was bought by you?
  • Active : Where do you put your pen?
    Passive : Where was your pen put by you?
  • Active : How much water can you drink?
    Passive : How much water can be drunk by you?

Negative Sentences

Negative Sentences के Passive Voice में do या did का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता है। Present Indefinite Tense में is, am, are को verb के पहले रखा जाता है और मुख्य क्रिया (Main Verb) को Subject के बाद रखा जाता है। इसी प्रकार Past Indefinite Tense में was/were को Subject के आगे रखा जाता है।

Examples:

  • Active : I can’t lift this box.
    Passive : This box can’t be lifted by me.
  • Active : I don’t like cheese.
    Passive : Cheese is not liked by me.
  • Active : Some children didn’t play football.
    Passive : Football was not played by some children.
  • Active : I didn’t hug the little boy.
    Passive : The little boy was not hugged by me.
  • Active : Rajat doesn’t read stories.
    Passive : Stories are not read by Rajat.

Modals

Active Voice के कुछ Sentences में Modals का प्रयोग होता है। Modals के बाद Verb की First form का प्रयोग किया जाता है। ऐसे वाक्यों को Passive Voice में बदलते समय Modals के बाद be का प्रयोग कर Verb IIIrd form का प्रयोग होता है।

Examples:

  • Active : My friend will help you.
    Passive : You will be helped by my friend.
  • Active : We must read newspaper daily.
    Passive : Newspapers must be read daily by us.
  • Active : Our team can win the match.
    Passive : The match can be won by our team.
  • Active : Our class teacher may permit him to go home.
    Passive : He may be permitted to go home by our class teacher.
  • Active : Mr Mishra should read this letter.
    Passive : This letter should be read by Mr. Mishra.

Exercise Solved

Question 1.
Change the voice from Active to Passive:

  1. Pappu laughed at me.
  2. Please give me your dictionary.
  3. My uncle gave me a beautiful wrist watch.
  4. Jimmy will have drawn the map.
  5. They were playing volleyball.
  6. Children have finished the work.
  7. Switch off the fan.
  8. Some children don’t like spicy foods.
  9. Columbus discovered America.
  10. Who wrote the Mahabharata?
  11. The peon rings the bell.
  12. The man is digging the ground.

Answer.

  1. I was laughed at by Pappu.
  2. You are requested to give me your dictionary.
  3. I was given a beautiful wrist watch by my uncle.
  4. The map will have been drawn by Jimmy.
  5. Volleyball was being played by them.
  6. The work has been finished by children.
  7. Let the fan be switched off.
  8. Spicy foods are not liked by some children.
  9. America was discovered by Columbus.
  10. By whom was the Mahabharata written?
  11. The bell is rung by the peon.
  12. The ground is being dug by the man.

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs given in the brackets.

  1. The picture has been …………. . (draw)
  2. Cotton is …………. in black soil. (grow)
  3. The mobile is being ………….. (repair)
  4. Malayalam is …………. in Kerala. (speak)
  5. Let this work be …………. (do)
  6. The boy was ………. for his mistake. (punish)

Answer.

  1. drawn
  2. grown
  3. repaired
  4. spoken
  5. done
  6. punished

Question 3.
Change the following sentences into Passive Voice: (Sentence Transformation)

  1. Our family visited the exhibition yesterday.
  2. What is the writer doing?
  3. The Principal punished the naughty boys.
  4. Will Sanju not help Manju?
  5. Who wrote this answer?
  6. Two policemen caught a thief.
  7. We should not tease the poor.
  8. Students are taking exercise in the open air.
  9. The tailor stitched pants for them.
  10. Who teaches you Psychology?
  11. Have you polished your shoes?

Answer.

  1. The exhibition was visited yesterday by our family.
  2. What is being done by the writer?
  3. The naughty boys were punished by the Principal.
  4. Will Manju not be helped by Sanju?
  5. By whom was this answer written?
  6. A thief was caught by two policemen.
  7. The poor should not be teased by us.
  8. Exercise is being taken in the open air by students.
  9. Pants were stitched for them by the tailor.
  10. By whom are you taught Psychology?
  11. Have your shoes been polished by you?

Question 4.
Change the following sentences into Passive Voice:

  1. Dr. Kaushal is diagnosing the patient.
  2. Someone has stolen my ornaments.
  3. The mechanic has repaired the watch.
  4. He had developed a good personality.
  5. Who has beaten the little dog?
  6. The cobbler mended our shoes.
  7. When did you take bath?
  8. Why did he punish you?
  9. We bring cloth form the draper.
  10. Pandit Surya Kant teaches us Hindi.
  11. Daniel killed the scorpion with a stone.

Answer.

  1. The patient is being diagnosed by Dr. Kaushal.
  2. My ornaments have been stolen.
  3. The watch has been repaired by the mechanic.
  4. A good personality has been developed by him.
  5. By whom has the little dog been beaten?
  6. Our shoes were mended by the cobbler.
  7. When was bath taken by you?
  8. Why were you punished by him?
  9. Cloth is brought from the draper (by us).
  10. We are taught Hindi by Pandit Surya Kant.
  11. The scorpion was killed with a stone by Daniel.

Board Questions Solved

Gap Filling
Question 1.
Complete the following sentences by choosing correct passive forms of the verbs given:

  1. The thief………………. yesterday and was poisoned.
    (a) is caught
    (b) is being caught
    (c) was caught
    (d) has been caught
  2. Honesty ……… the best policy even today.
    (a) is considered
    (b) has been considered
    (c) was considered
    (d) was being considered

Answer.

  1. (c) was caught
  2. (a) is considered

Question 2.
Complete the following sentences by choosing correct passive forms of the verbs given:

  1. The merit holder students …….. by the Board last month.
    (a) is awarded
    (b) was awarded
    (c) are awarded
    (d) were awarded
  2. Many books…………………… by the city library every year.
    (a) is bought
    (b) are bought
    (c) was bought
    (d) were bought

Answer.

  1. (d) were awarded
  2. (b) are bought

Question 3.
Complete the following sentences by choosing correct passive forms of the verbs given:

  1. A set of this new furniture ………………….. to our office by Mewar Furniture last year.
    (a) is supplied
    (b) was supplied
    (c) were supplied
    (d) are supplied
  2. The daily newspaper The Rajasthan Ujala ………………….. in our town even now.
    (a) was published
    (b) will be published
    (c) were published
    (d) is published

Answer.

  1. (b) was supplied
  2. (d) is published

Question 4.
Complete the following sentences by choosing correct passive forms of the verbs given:

  1. Ramayana ………………….. by Tulsidas.
    (a) are written
    (b) was written
    (c) will be written
    (d) was been written
  2. The sale of tickets for the show …… from next week.
    (a) is started
    (b) are started
    (c) will start
    (d) was started

Answer.

  1. (b) was written
  2. (a) is started

Question 5.
Complete the following sentences by choosing correct passive forms of the verbs given:

  1. Every year a grand fair . ………………. in Pushkar in the month of Kartik.
    (a) are held
    (b) is held
    (c) will be held
    (d) was held
  2. A number of horses, camels and other cattle …………. to sell in this fair.
    (a) is brought
    (b) will be brought
    (c) are brought
    (d) was brought

Answer.

  1. (b) is held
  2. (c) are brought

Question 6.
Complete the following sentences by choosing correct passive forms of the verbs given:

  1. He stole his neighbor’s gold so he ….
    (a) was arrested
    (b) will be arrested
    (c) is being arrested
    (d) is arrested
  2. I know that he …………………… to Canada for higher education next year.
    (a) is sent
    (b) is being sent
    (c) will be sent
    (d) was sent

Answer.

  1. (a) was arrested
  2. (c) will be sent

Question 7.
Complete the following passage by choosing correct passive form of the verbs given in the brackets form the alternatives given below the passages:
When we went to visit the factory, we …….. (1) ………………… (provide) with a map showing us where each building was. We …….. (2) ………… (take) round the factor by a guide.

  1. (a) are provided
    (b) were provided
    (c) will be provided
    (d) have been provided
  2. (a) were taken
    (b) was taken
    (c) are taken
    (d) have been taken

Answer.

  1. (b) were provided
  2. (a) were taken

Sentence Re-Ordering

Re-arrange the following words/phrases to make meaningful sentences.

Question 1.
exercise/let/daily/be/taken
Answer.
Let exercise be taken daily.

Question 2.
a map of India/ordered/you/to draw/are
Answer.
You are ordered to draw a map of India.

Question 3.
you/taught/Hindi/by whom/are/?
Answer.
By whom are you taught Hindi?

Question 4.
By somebody/ for him/it/was done
Answer.
It was done for him by somebody.

Question 5.
be shut/windows/should/the
Answer.
The windows should be shut.

Question 6.
M.L.A. / elected/was/he
Answer.
He was elected M.L.A.

Question 7.
hungry/be/fed/should/the
Answer.
The hungry should be fed.

Question 8.
should be carefully/read/this passage
Answer.
This passage should be read carefully.

Question 9.
yesterday/taken away/my scooter/was
Answer.
My scooter was taken away yesterday.

Question 10.
to write/you are/on ‘good manners’ ordered/an essay
Answer.
You are ordered to write an essay on ‘good manners’.

Exercise For Practice

Question 1.
Change the voice from Active to Passive:

  1. They should not ignore the traffic light.
  2. Ruchi is learning the lesson.
  3. How did you prepare tea?
  4. I have washed the clothes.
  5. The chief guest gave me the trophy.
  6. Why do we buy junk foods?
  7. They had bought the slippers.
  8. Rehan saved the duck.

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks with the correct passive form of the verbs given in the brackets.

  1. The window was …………… (break)
  2. He is ………………….. to the post of manager. (appoint)
  3. The thief has been ………………. (arrest)
  4. This article was ……….. by me. (write)

Question 3.
Change the voice from Active to Passive:

  1. The mischief maker will be punished by the teacher.
  2. By whom will you be taught voice?
  3. I was kissed on the head by my father.
  4. Good manners must be learnt.
  5. Cricket is played even in small villages.

Question 4.
Complete the following sentences by choosing the correct passive forms:

  1. The medals ………………… by the players
    (a) will have been
    (b) have won
    (c) is won
    (d) has won
  2. The result …………………. by them.
    (a) have announced
    (b) has announced
    (c) will announced
    (d) has been announced