Chapter 1 India-Size and Location
Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
Ans. (b) Odisha.
(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97°25′ E
(b) 68°7′ E
Ans. (a) 97°25′ E
(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with
Ans. (c) Nepal.
(iv) If you intend to visit kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
Ans. (b) Lakshadweep.
(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country.
Ans. (b) Tajikistan
Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
Ans. Lakshadweep islands lie in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
Ans. Russia, Canada, U.S.A, China, Brazil, and Australia are the countries that are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
Ans. Andaman and Nicobar island group lie to the south-east of India.
(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?
Ans. Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries that are our southern neighbours.
The sunrises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°. Despite this fact, the east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent. From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours. Hence, time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of the day and night, as one moves from south to north.
The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
The location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean has helped India in establishing close contacts with West Asia, Africa, and Europe from the western coast and eastern Asia from the eastern coast.
Identify the following with the help of map reading.
(i) The Island groups of India lying in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) The countries constituting the Indian Subcontinent.
(iii) The States through which the Tropic of Cancer passes.
(iv) The northernmost latitude in degrees.
(v) The southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland in degrees.
(vi) The eastern and the western-most longitude in degrees.
(vii) The place situated on the three seas.
(viii) The strait separating Sri Lanka from India.
(ix) The Union Territories of India.