Chapter 11 Algebra Ex 11.5

Question 2.
Complete the entries in the third column of the table.

Solution:

(b) n + 12 = 20 (12, 8, 20, 0)
For n = 12, LHS = 12 + 12 = 24, RHS = 20
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ n = 12 is not the solution of the equation
For n = 8, LHS = 8 + 12 = 20, RHS = 20
Here, LHS = RHS
∴ n = 8 is the solution of the equation
For n = 20, LHS = 20 + 12 = 32, RHS = 20
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ n = 20 is not the solution of the equation
For n = 0, LHS = 0 + 12 – 12, RHS = 20
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ n= 0 is not the solution of the equation

(c) p – 5 = 5 (0, 10, 5, -5)
For p = 0, LHS = 0 – 5 = -5, RHS = 5
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ p = 0 is not the solution of the equation
For p = 10, LHS = 10 – 5 = 5, RHS = 5
Here, LHS = RHS
∴ p = 10 is the solution of the equation
For p = 5, LHS = 5-5-0, RHS = 5
Here LHS ≠ RHS
∴ p = 5 is not the solution of the equation
For p = 5, LHS = 5 – 5 = 0, RHS = 5
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ p = -5 is not the solution of the equation

(e) r – 4 = 0 (4, -4, 8, 0)
For r = 4, LHS = 4 – 4 = 0, RHS = 0
Here, LHS = RHS
∴ r = 4 is the solution of the equation
For r = -4, LHS = -4 – 4 = -8, RHS = 0
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ r = -4 is not the solution of the equation
For r = 8, LHS = 8 – 4 = 4, RHS = 0
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
For r = 8 is not the solution of the equation
For r = 0, LHS = 0 – 4 = – 4, RHS = 0
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ r = 0 is not the solution of the equation

(f) x + 4 = 2 (-2, 0, 2, 4)
For x = -2, LHS = -2 + 4 = 2, RHS = 2
Here, LHS – RHS
∴ x = -2 is the solution of the equation
For x = 0, LHS = 0 + 4 – 4, RHS = 2
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ x = 0 is not the solution of the equation
For x = – 2, LHS = -2 + 4 – 6, RHS = 2
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ x = 2 is not the solution of the equation
For r = 4, LHS = 4 + 4 = 8, RHS = 2
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ x = 4 is not the solution of the equation

Question 4.
(a) Complete the table and by inspection of the table find the solution to the equation m + 10 = 6 (b) Complete the table and by inspection of the table find the solution to the equation 51 – 35 (c) Complete the table and find the solution of the equation g = 4 using the table. (d) Complete the table and find the solution to the equation m – 7 = 3 Solution:
(a) By inspections, we have So, m – 6 is the solution of the equation.

(b) Given that 5t = 35 So, t = 7 is the solution of the equation. So, z = 12 is the solution of the equation.

(d) Given that m – 7 = 3 So, m = 10 is the solution of the equation.

Question 5.
Solve the following riddles, you may yourself construct such riddles. Who am I?
(i) Go round a square
Counting every corner
Thrice and no more!
To get exactly thirty four!

(ii) For each day of the week
Make an upcount from me
If you make no mistake
you will get twenty three!

(iii) I am a special number
Take away from me a six!
A whole cricket team
You will still be able to fix!

(iv) Tell me who I am
I shall give you a pretty clue!
you will get me back
If you take me out of twenty two!
Solution:
(i) According to the condition,
I + 12 = 34 or x + 12 = 34
∴ By inspection, we have
22 + 12 = 34
So, I am 22.

(ii) Let I am ‘x’.
We know that there are 7 days in a week.
∴ upcounting from x for 7, the sum = 23
By inspections, we have
16 + 7 = 23
∴ x = 16
Thus I am 16.

(iii) Let the special number be x and there are 11 players in cricket team.
∴ Special Number -6 = 11
∴ x – 6 = 11
By inspection, we get
17 – 6 = 11
∴ x = 17
Thus I am 17.

(iv) Suppose I am ‘x’.
∴ 22 – I = I
or 22 – x = x
By inspection, we have
22 – 11 = 11
∴ x = 11
Thus I am 11.