Chapter 11 Algebra Ex 11.5

Question 2.
Complete the entries in the third column of the table.

S. No.

Equation

Value of variable

Equations satisfied Yes /No

(a)

10y = 80

y = 10

(b)

10y = 80

y = 8

(c)

10y = 80

y = 5

(d)

4l = 20

l = 20

(e)

4l = 20

l = 80

(f)

4l = 20

l = 5

(g)

b + 5 = 9

b = 5

(h)

b + 5 = 9

b = 9

(i)

b + 5 = 9

b = 4

(J)

h – 8 = 5

h = 13

(k)

h – 8 = 5

h = 8

(l)

h – 8 = 5

h = 0

(m)

P + 3 = 1

p = 3

(n)

p + 3 = 1

p = 1

(o)

p + 3 = 1

p = 0

(P)

p + 3 = 1

p = -1

(q)

p + 3 = 1

p = -2

Solution:

S. No.

Equation

Value of variable

Equations satisfied Yes /No

(a)

10y = 80

y = 10

No

(b)

10y = 80

y = 8

Yes

(c)

10y = 80

y = 5

No

(d)

4l = 20

l = 20

No

(e)

4l = 20

l = 80

No

(f)

4l = 20

l = 5

Yes

(g)

b + 5 = 9

b = 5

No

(h)

b + 5 = 9

b = 9

No

(i)

b + 5 = 9

b = 4

Yes

(J)

h – 8 = 5

h = 13

Yes

(k)

h – 8 = 5

h = 8

No

(l)

h – 8 = 5

h = 0

No

(m)

P + 3 = 1

p = 3

No

(n)

p + 3 = 1

p = 1

No

(o)

p + 3 = 1

p = 0

No

(P)

p + 3 = 1

p = -1

No

(q)

p + 3 = 1

p = -2

Yes

(b) n + 12 = 20 (12, 8, 20, 0)
For n = 12, LHS = 12 + 12 = 24, RHS = 20
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ n = 12 is not the solution of the equation
For n = 8, LHS = 8 + 12 = 20, RHS = 20
Here, LHS = RHS
∴ n = 8 is the solution of the equation
For n = 20, LHS = 20 + 12 = 32, RHS = 20
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ n = 20 is not the solution of the equation
For n = 0, LHS = 0 + 12 – 12, RHS = 20
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ n= 0 is not the solution of the equation

(c) p – 5 = 5 (0, 10, 5, -5)
For p = 0, LHS = 0 – 5 = -5, RHS = 5
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ p = 0 is not the solution of the equation
For p = 10, LHS = 10 – 5 = 5, RHS = 5
Here, LHS = RHS
∴ p = 10 is the solution of the equation
For p = 5, LHS = 5-5-0, RHS = 5
Here LHS ≠ RHS
∴ p = 5 is not the solution of the equation
For p = 5, LHS = 5 – 5 = 0, RHS = 5
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ p = -5 is not the solution of the equation

(e) r – 4 = 0 (4, -4, 8, 0)
For r = 4, LHS = 4 – 4 = 0, RHS = 0
Here, LHS = RHS
∴ r = 4 is the solution of the equation
For r = -4, LHS = -4 – 4 = -8, RHS = 0
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ r = -4 is not the solution of the equation
For r = 8, LHS = 8 – 4 = 4, RHS = 0
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
For r = 8 is not the solution of the equation
For r = 0, LHS = 0 – 4 = – 4, RHS = 0
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ r = 0 is not the solution of the equation

(f) x + 4 = 2 (-2, 0, 2, 4)
For x = -2, LHS = -2 + 4 = 2, RHS = 2
Here, LHS – RHS
∴ x = -2 is the solution of the equation
For x = 0, LHS = 0 + 4 – 4, RHS = 2
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ x = 0 is not the solution of the equation
For x = – 2, LHS = -2 + 4 – 6, RHS = 2
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ x = 2 is not the solution of the equation
For r = 4, LHS = 4 + 4 = 8, RHS = 2
Here, LHS ≠ RHS
∴ x = 4 is not the solution of the equation

Question 4.
(a) Complete the table and by inspection of the table find the solution to the equation m + 10 = 6
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra

(b) Complete the table and by inspection of the table find the solution to the equation 51 – 35
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra

(c) Complete the table and find the solution of the equation g = 4 using the table.
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra

(d) Complete the table and find the solution to the equation m – 7 = 3
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra
Solution:
(a) By inspections, we have
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra
So, m – 6 is the solution of the equation.

(b) Given that 5t = 35
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra
So, t = 7 is the solution of the equation.


NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra
So, z = 12 is the solution of the equation.

(d) Given that m – 7 = 3
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Algebra
So, m = 10 is the solution of the equation.

Question 5.
Solve the following riddles, you may yourself construct such riddles. Who am I?
(i) Go round a square
Counting every corner
Thrice and no more!
Add the count to me
To get exactly thirty four!

(ii) For each day of the week
Make an upcount from me
If you make no mistake
you will get twenty three!

(iii) I am a special number
Take away from me a six!
A whole cricket team
You will still be able to fix!

(iv) Tell me who I am
I shall give you a pretty clue!
you will get me back
If you take me out of twenty two!
Solution:
(i) According to the condition,
I + 12 = 34 or x + 12 = 34
∴ By inspection, we have
22 + 12 = 34
So, I am 22.

(ii) Let I am ‘x’.
We know that there are 7 days in a week.
∴ upcounting from x for 7, the sum = 23
By inspections, we have
16 + 7 = 23
∴ x = 16
Thus I am 16.

(iii) Let the special number be x and there are 11 players in cricket team.
∴ Special Number -6 = 11
∴ x – 6 = 11
By inspection, we get
17 – 6 = 11
∴ x = 17
Thus I am 17.

(iv) Suppose I am ‘x’.
∴ 22 – I = I
or 22 – x = x
By inspection, we have
22 – 11 = 11
∴ x = 11
Thus I am 11.

NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q1
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q2
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q3
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q4
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q5
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q6
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q7
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q8
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q9
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q10
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q11
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q12
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q13
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q14
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q15
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q16
NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Maths Algebra Exercise 11.5 Q17

Chapter 11 Algebra Ex 11.5