Chapter 5 Understanding Elementary Shapes Ex. 5.5
Which of the following are models for perpendicular lines:
(a) The adjacent edges of a table top.
(b) The lines of a railway track.
(c) The line segments forming a letter ‘L’.
(d) The letter V.
(a) Yes, the adjacent edges of a table top are the models of perpendicular lines.
(b) No, the lines of a railway tracks are parallel to each other. So they are not a model for perpendicular lines.
(c) Yes, the two line segments of‘L’ are the model for perpendicular lines.
(d) No, the two line segments of ‘V’ are not a model for perpendicular lines.
Since PQ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ ⊥ XY
∴ ∠PAY = 90°
There are two set-squares in your box. What are the measures of the angles that are formed at their corners? Do they have any angle measure that is common?
The figures of the two set-squares are given below:
The measure angles of triangle (a) are : 30°, 60° and 90°.
The measure angles of triangle (b) are 45°, 45° and 90°.
Yes, they have a common angle of measure 90°.
Study the diagram. The line l is perpendicular to line m.
(a) Is CE = EG?
(b) Does PE bisects CG?
(c) Identify any two line segments for which PE is the perpendicular bisector.
(d) Are these true?
(i) AC > FG
(ii) CD = GH
(iii) BC < EH
Since, CE = 2 units and EG = 2 units
Hence, CE = EG.
(b) Yes, PE bisects CG
(c) Required line segments for which PE is perpendicular bisector are: and
(d) (i) True (ii) True (iii) True