Degrees of Comparison 6
Look at the following sentences:
Naina is a tall girl.
Jolly is taller than Naina.
Saumya is the tallest of the three.
What do you notice in the above sentences? Adjectives change in form (tall, taller, tallest) to show comparison. These three forms are known as the three Degrees of Comparison.
- The adjective ‘tall’ denotes the simple quality. It is called the Positive Degree.
When comparing two objects or persons and saying that one possesses a certain quality in a greater degree than the other, we use the comparative form of the adjective. Thus, the adjective ‘taller’ is the Comparative Degree of tall.
Note: The Comparative Degree is generally followed by ‘than’.
When an object or a person possesses a quality in the greater degree of all that are being compared, then the superlative form of the adjective is used. Thus, the adjective ‘tallest’ is the Superlative Degree of tall.Note: (i) The Superlative form of the adjective is used when we compare more than two objects or persons.
(ii) The Superlative Degree is preceded by ‘the’ and is generally followed by ‘of.
Formation of Degrees of Comparison
Comparative and Superlative degrees are formed:
(i) by adding ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ to the positive degree; as
(ii) by adding only ‘r’ and ‘st’ when the positive ends in ‘e’; as
(iii) by changing ‘y’ into ‘i’ and adding ‘er’ and ‘est’ if positive ends in ‘y’ preceded by a consonant; as
Note: If ‘y’ of a positive degree is preceded by a vowel than ‘y’ remains intact and ‘-er’ and ‘est’ are added to make them Comparative and Superlative; as
(iv) by doubling the final consonant before adding ‘-er’ and ‘est’ if the positive ends in one consonant preceded by a vowel; as
(v) by placing ‘more’ and ‘most’ before all adjectives of more than two syllables and many adjectives of two syllables; as
(vi) Some adjectives form their Comparative and Superlative in an irregular way; as
(vii) Double Comparative and double Superlative should be avoided; as
Incorrect : This is more safer place.
Correct : This is a safer place.
Incorrect : He is the most busiest man in the office.
Correct : He is the busiest man in the office.
(viii) The words like senior, junior, superior, inferior are always followed by to instead of than; as
Incorrect : Mr. Sharma is more inferior than me.
Correct : Mr. Sharma is inferior to me.
Incorrect: I am junior than you.
Correct: I am junior to you.
Incorrect : Mr. Sinha is the most superior of all.
Correct : Mr. Sinha is superior to all.
Fill in the blanks:
happiest most famous
1. more 2. happier 3. famous 4. worst
5. fattest 6. gay 7. wiser 8. thin
9. better 10. farthest 11. ugliest 12. pleasant
13. less 14. most
Choose the right word from within the brackets:
- He is cleverer ………… me. (than, to)
- He is senior ………… me by five years. (than, to)
- Reeta is the most intelligent ………… all the students of the class. (than, of)
- Choose the ………… (better, best) of the two.
- Uttar Pradesh is the ………… populated state of India. (more, most)
- Make ………… noise. (little, less)
- Shabana is the ………… painter of the two. (good, better)
- You are junior ………… me. (than, to)
- Health is ………… than wealth. (better, best)
- The Taj Mahal is one of the ………… beautiful buildings in the world., (more, most)
1. than 2. to 3. of 4. better
5. most 6. less 7. better 8. to
9. better 10. most
Fill in the blanks with proper form (Comparative or Superlative) of adjectives.
- Kavita is the ____ girl in the class. (good)
- Mt. Everest is the ____ mountain peak in the world. (high)
- Delhi is ____ than Chennai. (hot)
- Diamond is the ____ of all gems. (costly)
- Iron is the ____ of all metals. (heavy)
- My doll is ____ than yours. (pretty)
- Sarita is the ____ girl in the class. (popular)
- Africa is the ____ of all the five continents. (hot)
- My car is ____ than yours. (expensive)
- Rachna is ____ than her sister. (tall)
- This photograph is the ____ of the two. (good)
- The streets of Karachi are ____ than Mumbai (wide)
- He is the ____ runner here. (fast)
- Your accent is ____ than mine. (bad)
- Lead is ____ than any other metal. (heavy)
1. best 2. highest 3. hotter 4. costliest
5. heaviest 6. prettier 7. most popular 8. hottest
9. more expensive 10. taller 11. better 12. wider
13. fastest 14. worse 15. heavier