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The Parts Of Speech 6

Words are divided into different kinds or classes. These are called Parts of Speech according to their use, that is, according to the work they do in a sentence. The Parts of Speech are eight in number:

1.  Noun             2. Pronoun             3. Adjective                4. Verb
5.  Adverb         6. Preposition        7. Conjunction           8. Interjection

On the basis of these eight parts, words of English are classified.

Part of Speech

Explanation

Examples

Noun

A word that names a person, a place or a thing.

boy, Sameer, cat, Paris

Pronoun

A word that is used instead of a noun.

I, he, you, yourself

Adjective

A word that describes a person or thing.

pretty, easy, fat

Verb

A word or group of words that express an action or a state.

go, jump, be, think

Adverb

A word that describes or gives more information about a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or even the entire sentence.

quickly, tomorrow, outside

Preposition

A word that is used before a noun or a pronoun to connect it to another word in the sentence. It is usually used to show location, direction, time, and so forth.

on, in, to, from, of

Conjunction

A word that joins parts of a sentence together.

and, or, but

Interjection

A short sound, word or phrase used to express the speaker’s emotion.

wow, hmm, well, oh dear

Exercise

Name the Part of Speech of each italicised word in the following sentences, giving in each case your reason for the classification:

  1. He still lives in that house.
  2. The aftereffects of the drug are bad.
  3. He told us all about the battle.
  4. Suddenly one of the wheels came off.
  5. Mohammedans fast in the month of Ramzan.
  6. He kept the fast for a week.
  7. He is on the committee.
  8. Let us move on.
  9. The up train is late.
  10. I will watch while you sleep.

Answer:

  1. Adverb – adds something to the meaning of the verb ‘lives’.
  2. Adjective – adds something to the meaning of the noun ‘effects’.
  3. Preposition – shows the relation between ‘all’ and ‘battle’.
  4. Adverb – adds something to the meaning of the verb ‘come’.
  5. Verb – says something about ‘Mohammedans’.
  6. Noun – the name of something.
  7. Preposition – shows the relation between ‘he’ and ‘committee’.
  8. Adverb – adds something to the meaning of the word ‘move’.
  9. Adjective – adds something to the meaning of the verb ‘train’.
  10. Conjunction – joins the two parts ‘I will watch’ and “you sleep’

The Parts Of Speech 6