Word Power 6

This chapter includes antonyms (opposite), single word for a group of words and the same word used both as Noun and Verb.

A. Antonyms (Opposites)

Word

Antonyms

Word

Antonyms

above

below

common

rare, uncommon

absent

present

clever

Stupid

accept

reject

cruel

kind

agree

differ

create

destroy

alive

dead

crude

refined

ancient

modem

death

birth

arrival

departure

deep

shallow

attract

repel

difficult

easy

advance

retreat

different

similar

artificial

natural

dry

wet

always

never

diligent

lazy

appear

disappear

deposit

withdraw

allow

disallow

early

late

buy

sell

enemy

friend

bottom

top

empty

full

bad

good

export

import

barren

fertile

encourage

discourage

blunt

sharp

false

true

broad

narrow

far

near

beautiful

ugly

foolish

wise

bold

timid

famous

notorious

beginning

end

fresh

stale

bitter

sweet

fail

pass

bright

dull

freedom

slavery

brave

coward

general

Particular

cheap

costly

guilty

innocent

clean

dirty

ordinary

unique

gain

loss

open

shut

guest

host

permanent

temporary

great

small

pleasant

unpleasant

high

low

punish

reward

hope

despair

profit

loss

healthy

unhealthy

punctual

late

hate

love

public

private

hard

soft

quick

slow

heaven

hell

real

imaginary

head

tail

rear

front

heavy

light

use

misuse

honest

dishonest

unite

separate

humble

proud

victory

defeat

haste

delay

vague

clear

lend

borrow

virtue

vice

liquid

solid

weak

strong

mortal.

immortal

win

lose

masculine

feminine

wet

dry

major

minor

wide

narrow

master

servant

written

oral

majority

minority

war

peace

normal

abnormal

young

old

B.Single word for a Group of Words

  1. One who believes in the existence of God – Theist
  2. The yearly return of a date – anniversary
  3. An assembly of listeners    – audience
  4. One who plays for pleasure – amateur
  5. The life history of a person written by himself – autobiography
  6. The science of plant life – botany
  7. The life history of a person written by another – biography
  8. A person who lives at the same time as an other – contemporary
  9. Done without any preparation – extempore
  10. One who believes in fate    – fatalist
  11. A room containing many books    – library
  12. A period of hundred years – century
  13. A period of two weeks – fortnight
  14. Resulting in death – fatal
  15. One who makes a powerful public speech – orator
  16. That which lives on another – parasite
  17. Happening at the same time –    simultaneous
  18. A list of books – catalogue
  19. A place for burial of dead bodies – cemetry
  20. Of or from all parts of the world – cosmopolitan
  21. Government formed by the representatives of the people – democracy
  22. Contrary to law – illegal
  23. Bad beyond reform – incorrigible
  24. A play that ends in death – tragedy
  25. A light amusing drama or play – comedy
  26. One who takes a bright view of things – optimist
  27. One who takes a dark view of things – pessimist
  28. A child born after the death of his father – posthumous
  29. A piece of writing before it is published – manuscript
  30. One who speaks for others – spokesman
  31. Performing work without pay – honorary
  32. Government carried on by an absolute ruler – dictatorship
  33. That which cannot be read – illegible
  34. One who does not know how to read and write – illiterate
  35. That which cannot be heard – inaudible
  36. A child whose parents are dead – orphan
  37. A woman whose husband is dead – widow
  38. A man whose wife is dead – widower
  39. One who lives on vegetables or plant food – vegetarian
  40. Science of the life of animals – zoology
  41. Subject to death – mortal
  42. Government by a king – monarchy
  43. One who does not believe in the existence of God – atheist
  44. A cure of all diseases – panacea
  45. An instrument for measuring temperature – thermometer

C. Words used both as a Noun and Verb

S.N.

Word

As a Noun

As a Verb

1.

Air

I want to go out for fresh air.

Put the clothes out to air.

2.

Aid

NGOs are run on aid from the government.

They aided him to escape.

3.

Aim

My aim in life is to become a doctor.

I aimed at the target.

4.

Arm

I leaned on my father’s arm.

A country should arm against the enemy.

5.

Bank

I have an account in a local bank.

You can bank on me.

6.

Bat

The batsman changed his bat.

He batted well.

7.

Bark

The bark of this tree is useful.

Dogs are barking.

8.

Battle

A serious battle took place.

He is battling for his life.

9.

Back

I have a serious pain in my back.

He has promised to back me.

10.

Book

My friend has bought a new book.

I have booked my room in a hotel.

11.

Bridge

The bridge is under-construction.

We should bridge the gap between the rich and the poor.

12.

Face

His face is round.

I have never faced a clumsy person. :

13.

Fair

Children love to visit fairs.

One should be fair in one’s dealings.

14.

Fan

My mother bought a new fan.

My mother fanned me with a paper.

15.

Fine

I have to pay a fine of fifty rupees.

I am fined fifty rupees.

16.

Head

The man hit me on my head.

Mr. Sharma will head the meeting.

17.

Hide

These boots are made from buffalo hide.

The child hid himself under the bed.

18.

Highlight

I saw the highlight of the match.

Please highlight the important lines in red.

19.

Hook

The towel is hanging on the hook.

A car was hooked to the back of a truck.

20.

Milk

I love to drink milk.

The farmer is milking the cow.

21.

Park

I walk everyday in the park.

Don’t park your vehicle here.

22.

Reason

Please tell me the reason of your late coming.

Gradually man developed his ability to reason.

23.

Tail

Monkeys have long tails.

The spy is tailing me for. several days.

24.

Trim

These plants need a trim.

The gardener trimmed the plants.

25.

Water

Please give me a glass of water.

The gardener is watering the plants.

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with the help of the words given in the box.

heavy
dry
withdraw
rejected
wide
forget
enemy
late
war
major

  1. My towel is wet but yours is ______________ .
  2. He never comes early, he is always ______________ .
  3. I hoped that he would accept my proposal but finally he ______________ it.
  4. Deposit the amount and ______________ it whenever you need.
  5. Peace is always good, ______________ is always bad.
  6. My box is light but yours is ______________ .
  7. I have only friends and no ______________ .
  8. My brother is minor. Next year he will become ______________ .
  9. I always remember happy days and want to ______________ bad ones.
  10. This road is ______________ but that road is narrow.

Аnswers:

  1. My towel is wet but yours is dry.
  2. He never comes early, he is always late.
  3. I hoped that he would accept my proposal but finally he rejected it.
  4. Deposit the amount and withdraw it whenever you need.
  5. Peace is always good, war is always bad.
  6. My box is light but yours is heavy.
  7. I have only friends and no enemy.
  8. My brother is minor. Next year he will become major.
  9. I always remember happy days and want to forget bad ones.
  10. This road is wide but that road is narrow.

Exercise 2

Write one word for the following group of words.

  1. That which cannot be heard.
  2. One who believes in fate
  3. A cure of all diseases.
  4. One who speaks for others.
  5. A period of hundred years.
  6. One who doesn’t know how to read and write
  7. One who believes in the existence of God
  8. One who doesn’t believe in the existence of God
  9. The life history of a person written by himself
  10. The life history of a person written by another

Аnswers:

  1. inaudible
  2. fatalist
  3. panacea
  4. spokesman
  5. century
  6. illiterate
  7. theist
  8. atheist
  9. autobiography
  10. biography

Word Power 6