9 Co-ordinating Conjunctions

Co-ordinating Conjunctions both….and, so, Neither…nor, But

Co-ordinating conjunctions वे शब्द होते हैं जो | सामान्यतः same grammatical class के sentence elements को connect (जोड़ते) करते हैं।
[नोट-यहाँ कुछ प्रमुख conjunctions को समझाया जा रहा है।]

Both…. and : इनका प्रयोग हम तब करते हैं जब किन्हीं दो व्यक्तियों, दो जानवरों, दो स्थानों या दो वस्तुओं के बारे में बात की जा रही हो।

So: इससे ऐसे दो वाक्यों को जोड़ा जाता है जिनमें एक वाक्य में कारण बतलाया गया हो तथा दूसरे में परिणाम। So कारण-परिणाम सम्बन्ध को व्यक्त करता है। so को परिणाम वाले उपवाक्य के पहले लगाया जाता है। वाक्य जोड़ते समय so से पहले कौमा (,) लगाते हैं।

Neither….nor : इनका प्रयोग हम तब करते हैं जब हमारा आशय दोनों से ही नहीं होता है।

But : But का प्रयोग कर ऐसे दो वाक्यों को जोड़ा जाता है जो आपस में विरोधाभास रखते हैं।

Exercise -1.

Combine the following sentences using the words given in the brackets : 

(कोष्ठकों में दिए गए शब्दों का प्रयोग करते हुए निम्न वाक्यों को युग्म वाक्य बनाइए)

1. Kalpana was born in Karnal, Haryana. She was a naturalised citizen. (but) 
2. The little girl was not blind. She was not lame. (neither….nor) 
3. The branches of the tree are spread out. It ……… is simple to climb up the tree. (so)
4. Pankaj was eating raw mangoes. Pooja ……. was eating raw mangoes. (both…. and) 
5. I want to become a seed collector. I want to become a farmer. (both…. and) 
6. I want to see the mountains of New Zealand. I do not have enough money. (but) 
7. Pooja is not a farmer. Pooja is not a doctor. (neither….nor) 
8. Rohan is ambitious. He is lazy. (but)
Answer:
1. Kalpana was born in Karnal, Haryana : but she was a naturalised citizen. 
2. The little girl was neither blind nor lame. 
3. The branches of the tree are spread out so it is simple to climb up the tree. 
4. Both Pankaj and Pooja were eating raw mangoes. 
5. I want to become both a seed collector and a farmer. 
6. I want to see the mountains of New Zealand but I do not have enough money. 
7. Pooja is neither a farmer nor a doctor. 
8. Rohan is ambitious but he is lazy. 

Exercise – 2. 

Combine the following sentences into one sentence as directed-

(निम्न वाक्यों को निर्देशानुसार जोड़कर एक वाक्य बनाइए)

1. Appu was strong. Appu was brave also. (both…..and) 
2. Suman was clever. She was hardworking. (both…..and) 
3. Sachin is popular cricketer. Dhoni is popular cricketer. (both…..and) 
4. Ashok is not a singer. He is not a writer. (neither…..nor) 
5. Appu is not weeping. Jhubbu is not weeping (neither…..nor) 
6. My mother did not write a letter. I did not write a letter. (neither…..nor) 
7. Tigers are wild. We should beware of them. (SO) 
8. Ram is ill. He cannot go to school. (SO) 
9. I was late. I took a taxi. (SO) 
10. The farmer was unlettered. He was sensible. (but) 
Answer:
1. Appu was both strong and brave. 
2. Suman was both clever and hardworking
3. Both Sachin and Dhoni are popular cricketers. 
4. Ashok is neither a singer nor a writer. 
5. Neither Appu nor Jhubbu is weeping. 
6. Neither my mother nor I wrote a letter. 
7. Tigers are wild, so we should beware of them.
8. Ram is ill, so he cannot go to school. 
9. I was late, so I took a taxi. 
10. The farmer was unlettered but he was sensible.

9 Co-ordinating Conjunctions