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Chapter 1 Three Questions

Textbook Questions and Answers

Working with the Text

Answer the following questions : 

Question 1. 
Why was the king advised to go to the magicians? 
राजा को जादूगरों के पास जाने के लिए क्यों परामर्श दिया गया था? 
Answer:
Some people suggested that the king needed to take the help of magicians who would be able to look into the future and warn him about ‘urgent’ works that might suddenly come up and thus would help him decide what is the best time to begin something. 

कुछ लोगों ने सुझाव दिया कि राजा को जादूगरों की सहायता लेने की आवश्यकता है जो भविष्य को देखने में सक्षम हैं और उसे आवश्यक कार्यों के लिए चेतायेंगे जो अचानक आ सकते थे और इस प्रकार वे राजा की सहायता करेंगे कि किसी कार्य को आरम्भ करने का सर्वाधिक उपयुक्त समय क्या है।

Question 2. 
In answer to the second question, whose advice did the people say would be important to the king? 
दूसरे प्रश्न के उत्तर में किसकी सलाह लोगों के अनुसार राजा के लिए उपयुक्त होगी? 
Answer: 
It was suggested by some people that the best people to advice the king would be his councillors. Others said that the doctors would be better, while some felt that the priests would be very important. Some others felt that the most important people would be the soldiers serving the country. 

कुछ लोगों के द्वारा यह सुझाया गया कि राजा के लिए उसके सलाहकार ही सर्वोत्तम व्यक्ति होंगे। अन्यों ने कहा कि डॉक्टर, बेहतर होंगे, जबकि कुछ ने महसूस किया कि पुरोहित बहुत महत्त्वपूर्ण रहेंगे। कुछ अन्यों ने महसूस किया कि राष्ट्र की सेवा करने वाले सैनिक सर्वाधिक महत्त्वपूर्ण होंगे। 

Question 3. 
What suggestions were made in answer to the third question? 
तीसरे प्रश्न के उत्तर में क्या सुझाव दिये गये थे? 
Answer:
In answer to the third question, it was suggested by some people that the king should choose science. Others chose fighting, and yet others religious worship. 

तीसरे प्रश्न के उत्तर में कुछ लोगों द्वारा यह सुझाया गया कि राजा को विज्ञान को चुनना चाहिए। कुछ अन्य ने लड़ाई को चुना तथा अन्यों ने धार्मिक पूजा को चुना। 

Question 4. 
Did the wise men win the reward? If not, why not? 
क्या बुद्धिमान लोगों ने पुरस्कार जीता? यदि नहीं तो क्यों नहीं? 
Answer:
The king was not completely satisfied with any of the answers given by the wise men. So, he didn’t give the reward to anyone. 

बुद्धिमान लोगों द्वारा दिये गये किसी भी उत्तर से राजा पूर्णत: संतुष्ट नहीं था। इसलिए उसने किसी को भी पुरस्कार नहीं दिया। 

Question 5. 
How did the king and the hermit help the wounded man? 
राजा व संन्यासी ने उस घायल आदमी की सहायता कैसे की? 
Answer:
The king washed the wound of the injured man with water and covered it with a handkerchief. When the man felt better, he asked for something to drink. The king gave him some clean water. After this, he took hermit’s help to carry the wounded man inside the hermit’s hut and laid him on the bed where he fell asleep. 

राजा ने उस घायल आदमी के घावों को जल से साफ किया और इसे एक रुमाल से ढक दिया। जब उस आदमी ने राहत महसूस की तब उसने पीने को कुछ माँगा। राजा ने उसे कुछ स्वच्छ जल दिया। इसके उपरान्त राजा ने संन्यासी की सहायता से उस घायल आदमी को संन्यासी की झोंपड़ी में पहुँचाया और उसे बिस्तर पर लिटाया जहाँ वह सो गया। 

Question 6. 
(i) Who was the bearded man? 
दाढ़ी वाला आदमी कौन था? 
Answer:
The bearded man was an old enemy of the king. The king had killed the bearded man’s brother and taken away his property.
The bearded man swore to kill the king so he came to the forest to take revenge. 

दादी वाला आदमी, राजा का एक पराना शत्र था। राजा ने दाढ़ी वाले आदमी के भाई को मरवा दिया था और उसकी सम्पत्ति छीन ली थी। उस दाढ़ी वाले आदमी ने राजा की हत्या कर देने की कसम खाई थी इसलिए वह जंगल में बदला लेने के लिए आया था। 

(ii) Why did he ask for the king’s forgiveness? 
उसने राजा से क्षमा याचना क्यों की? 
Answer:
He was touched by the fact that he had come to kill the king, but the king had shown such kindness towards a stranger even without knowing him. He tried really hard to save his life. That’s why the bearded man asked the king for forgiveness. 

वह इस तथ्य से द्रवित हो गया था कि वह स्वयं तो राजा की हत्या करने आया था जबकि राजा ने एक अजनबी को जाने बिना इतनी दया दिखाई थी। राजा ने उसका जीवन बचाने के लिए सर्वोत्तम प्रयास किया था। इसीलिए उस दाढ़ी वाले व्यक्ति ने राजा से क्षमा याचना की थी। 

Question 7. 
The king forgave the bearded man. What did he do to show his forgiveness? 
राजा ने उस दाढ़ी वाले आदमी को क्षमा कर दिया था। अपनी क्षमाशीलता दिखाने के लिए राजा ने क्या-क्या किया था? 
Answer:
The king not only forgave him but also said that he would send his own servants and doctor to look after the man to help him recover. As an act of forgiveness, the king also promised to return all his property and land. 

राजा ने न केवल उसे क्षमा प्रदान की वरन् यह भी कहा कि उसे स्वस्थ करने के लिए देखभाल के लिए वह अपने सेवक व डॉक्टर भी भेजेगा। क्षमाशीलता के कार्यस्वरूप राजा ने उसे उसकी सम्पत्ति व भूमि भी वापस करने का वचन दिया। 

Question 8. 
What were the hermit’s answers to the three questions? Write each answer separately. Which answer do you like the most, and why? 
उन तीन प्रश्नों के लिए उस संन्यासी के उत्तर क्या थे? प्रत्येक उत्तर को अलग से लिखिए। किस उत्तर को आप सर्वाधिक पसन्द करते हैं और क्यों?
Answer:
The three answers given by the hermit were: 
(a) The best time to do anything is ‘Now’ because none of us know what will happen in the future. We can only control our actions today, that is why this is the most important time to act. 

(b) The most necessary person is the one with whom we are at present moment, for we do not know what will happen to us in the future or if we will have time to meet someone else or not. 

(c) Our most important business is to do good to the person we are with at the present moment because we are sent by the God to help that person at that very moment only. Although all the three answers are very good and teach us the importance of time and of being good human beings, I think the best answer is (a) for it teaches us the value of living in the present. We are not sure about what will happen to us in the future so it is best to enjoy our present and make each present moment memorable. 

तीन उत्तर जो संन्यासी द्वारा दिये गये थे वे इस प्रकार हैं

(a) किसी कार्य को करने का सर्वाधिक उपयुक्त समय ‘अब/वर्तमान’ होता है क्योंकि हम में से कोई नहीं जानता कि भविष्य में क्या होगा? हम अपने कार्य को केवल आज/वर्तमान में ही नियन्त्रित कर सकते हैं, इसीलिए यह समय, कार्य करने के लिए सर्वाधिक उपयुक्त है। 

(b) सर्वाधिक महत्त्वपूर्ण व्यक्ति वह है जिसके साथ हम वर्तमान में हैं क्योंकि हम नहीं जानते कि भविष्य में हमारे साथ क्या घटित होगा और हमें किसी अन्य से मिलने का समय मिलेगा भी या नहीं। 

(c) हमारा सर्वाधिक महत्त्वपूर्ण कार्य उस व्यक्ति का भला करना है जो वर्तमान में हमारे साथ है क्योंकि हमें भगवान के द्वारा उस व्यक्ति का भला करने भेजा जाता है जिसके साथ हम वर्तमान में हैं। यद्यपि सभी तीनों उत्तर अच्छे हैं और हमें समय का महत्त्व तथा एक अच्छा इंसान बनना सिखाते हैं फिर भी मेरी समझ से सर्वाधिक अच्छा उत्तर (a) है क्योंकि यह हमें वर्तमान में जीना सिखाता है। हमें यह पक्का मालूम नहीं कि भविष्य में हमारे साथ क्या होगा इसलिए हमें अपने वर्तमान को सुन्दर बनाना चाहिए और प्रत्येक पल को यादगार बनाना चाहिए। .

Seen Passages 

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follow :

Passage – 1.

In reply to the first question, some said the king must prepare a timetable, and then follow it strictly. Only in this way, they said, could he do everything at its proper time. Others said that it was impossible to decide in advance the right time for doing something.

The king should notice all that was going on, avoid foolish pleasures, and always do whatever seemed necessary at that time. Yet others said that the king needed a council of wise men who would help him act at the proper time. This was because one man would find it impossible to decide correctly, without help from others, the right time for every action. 

Questions 
1. How could the king do everything at its proper time? 
2. What should the king avoid? 
3. How would a council of wise men help the king? 
4. What is impossible for one man? 
5. Which question is being replied in this paragraph? 
6. Give the meanings of these words in Hindi – (a) pleasures (b) action. 
7. गद्यांश में से वह वाक्य लिखिए जिसका अर्थ हैकेवल इस तरीके से, उन्होंने कहा, वह प्रत्येक कार्य समय पर कर सकता था। Answers : 
1. By preparing a timetable and following it strictly he could do that. 
2. The king should avoid the foolish pleasures. 
3. It would help him act at the proper time. 
4. It is impossible for one man to decide the right time for every action.
5. The first question is being replied. 
6. (a) खुशियाँ  (b) कार्य
7. Only in this way, they said, could he do everything at its proper time.

Passage – 2.

But then others said that there were some things which could be urgent. These things could not wait for the decision of the council. In order to decide the right time for doing something, it is necessary to look into the future. And only magicians could do that.

The king, therefore, would have to go to magicians. In their answers to the second question, some said that the people most necessary to the king were his councillors; others said, the priests. A few others chose the doctors. And yet others said that his soldiers were the most necessary. 

Questions : 
1. Why do others find the council for king unsuitable? 
2. What can magicians do? 
3. What was the king’s second question? 
4. Which people were chosen by a few others? 
5. How many types of people were suggested? 
6. Give the meaning of the following word in Hindi-councillors. 
7. Give opposites of : 
(a) questions 
(b) wrong. 
Answers : 
1. It’s so because urgent things can’t wait for the decision of the council. 
2. Magicians can look into the future. 
3. Which people should he listen to? It was the second question. 
4. Doctors were chosen by a few others. 
5. Four types of people were suggested. 
6. सलाहकारें
(a) answers 
(b) right.

Passage – 3.

To the third question, some said science. Others chose fighting, and yet others religious worship.As the answers to his questions were so different, the king was not satisfied and gave no reward. Instead, he decided to seek the advice of a certain hermit, who was widely known for his wisdom.

The hermit lived in a wood which he never left. He saw no one but simple people, and so the king put on ordinary clothes. Before he reached the hermit’s hut the king left his horse with his bodyguard, and went on alone. 

Questions : 
1. Which is the third question of the king? 
2. Why did the king give no reward? 
3. Why did the king decide to seek the advice of certain hermit? 
4. Why did the king put on ordinary clothes? 
5. When did the king leave his horse and bodyguard? 
6. Give the meaning of this word in Hindi – wisdom. 
7. Give opposites of : 
(a) punishment 
(b) after. 
Answers : 
1. What is the most important thing for him to do? It is the third question. 
2. It was so because the answers were different and he was not satisfied with these. 
3. It was so because he was widely known for his wisdom. 
4. It was so because the hermit saw no one but simple people. 
5. The king left his horse and bodyguard before he reached the hermit’s hut. 
6. बृद्धिमानी
7. (a) reward 
(b) before.

Passage – 4.

The king turned round and saw a bearded man running towards them. His hands were pressed against his stomach, from which blood was flowing. When he reached the king he fainted and fell to the ground. The king and the hermit removed the man’s clothing and found a large wound in his stomach. The king, washed and covered it with his handkerchief, but the blood would not stop flowing. The king re-dressed the wound until at last the bleeding stopped. 

Questions: 
1. From where was the blood flowing? 
2. When did the wounded man faint? 
3. What did the king do to stop bleeding? 
4. Who removed the man’s clothing? 
5. Which quality of the king is highlighted here prominently? 
6. Give the meanings of these words in Hindi- (a) stomach (b) handkerchief.
7. Give opposites of : (a) lost (b) small. 
Answers : 
1. The blood was flowing from the stomach of the bearded man. 
2. The wounded man fainted when he reached the king. 
3. The king re-dressed his wounds till the bleeding stopped. 
4. The king and the hermit removed the man’s clothing. 
5. The king’s quality of service to humanity is highlighted here. 
6. (a) पेट (b) रुमाल
7. (a) found
(b) large

Comprehension Check 

Page 10. 

Question 1. 
Why did the king want to know answers to three questions? 
राजा तीन प्रश्नों का उत्तर क्यों जानना चाहता था? 
Answer: 
The king wanted to know answers to three questions because he didn’t want to fail in his life in any affair.

राजा तीन प्रश्नों का उत्तर इसलिए जानना चाहता था क्योंकि वह जीवन में किसी भी कार्य में असफल नहीं होना

Question 2. 
Messengers were sent throughout the kingdom.
सम्पूर्ण राज्य में संदेशवाहक भेजे गये। 
(i) to fetch wise men. 
(ii) to find answers to the questions. 
(iii) to look for the wise hermit. 
(iv) to announce a reward for those who could answer the questions. Mark your choice. .
अपनी पसन्द को चिह्नित करें। 
Answer: 
(iv) to announce a reward for those who could answer the questions.

Page 14.

Complete the following sentences by adding the appropriate parts of the sentences given in the box. 
बॉक्स में दिये गये वाक्यांश में से उचित वाक्यांश को नीचे दिये वाक्यों के साथ जोड़कर वाक्य पूर्ण करें। 
• but the bleeding would not stop. 
• to answer three questions. 
• but their answers were so varied that the king was not satisfied. 
• and follow it strictly. to help the king act at the right time. 
Answer: 
1. Many wise men answered the king’s questions, but their answers were so varied that the king was not satisfied. 
2. Someone suggested that there should be a council of wise men to help the king act at the right time.
3. Someone else suggested that the king should have a time table and follow it strictly. 
4. The king requested the hermit to answer three questions. 
5. The king washed and dressed the bearded man’s wound, but the bleeding would not stop.

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