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Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Exercise 8.1

Question 1.
Find the ratio of the following:
(a) speed of a cycle 15 km per hour to the speed of scooter 30 km per hour.
(b) 5 m to 10 km
(c) 50 paise to ₹ 5
Solution:
(a) Speed of cycle : Speed of Scooter = 15 km per hour : 30 km per hour

Hence, the ratio = 1 : 2
(b) 5 m to 10 km
= 5 m : 10 × 1000 m [∵ 1 km = 1000 m]
= 5 m : 10000 m
= 1 : 2000
Hence, the ratio = 1 : 2000
(c) 50 paise to ₹ 5
= 50 paise : 5 × 100 paise
= 50 paise : 500 paise
ratio = 1 : 10.

Question 2.
Convert the following ratios to percentages:
(a) 3 : 4
(b) 2 : 3
Solution :
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 Q2

Question 3.
72% of 25 students are good in mathematics. How many are not good in mathematics?
Solution:
Number of students who are good in mathematics = 72% of 25
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 Q3
Number of students who are not good in mathematics = 25 – 18 = 7

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 q-1
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 q-2
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 q-3
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 q-4
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 q-5
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities Ex 8.1 q-6
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