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Nominalisation 8

What is nominalisation ?
Forming a noun from a verb or adjective is called nominalisation.

Formation of Nouns From Verbs

Most nouns are formed from verbs by using suffixes. Here are some examples.
1. -ment

Verb

Noun

Achieve
advertise
allot
amuse
appoint
argue
attach
develop
employ
equip
excite
fulfil
govern
improve
invest
judge
move
state
treat

achievement
advertisement
allotment
amusement
appointment
argument
attachment
development
employment
enjoyment
equipment
excitement
fulfilment
government
improvement
investment
judgement
movement
statement
treatment

2. -ance

Verb

Noun

abound
accept
allow
appear
attend
Convey
endure
ignore
inherit
insure
perform
rely
resist

abundance
acceptance
allowance
appearance
attendance,
attention
conveyance
endurance
ignorance
inheritance
insurance
performance
reliance
resistance

3. -ence

Verb

Noun

confer
confide
differ
excel
infer
occur
prefer
refer
reside

conference
confidence
difference
excellence
inference
occurrence
preference
reference
residence

4. -al

Verb

Noun

arrive
bury
deny
dismiss
dispose
propose
remove
renew
survive
try

arrival
burial
denial
dismissal
disposal
proposal
removal
renewal
survival
trial

5. -ion

Verb

Noun

act
agitate
attract
calculate
connect
constitute
construct
correct
create
decorate
elect

action
agitation
attraction
calculation
connection
constitution
construction
correction
creation
decoration
election

6. -sion

Verb

Noun

collide
compel
convert
decide
exclude
expel
extend
include
revise
suspend

collision
compulsion
conversion
decision
exclusion
expulsion
extension
inclusion
revision
suspension

7. -ssion

Verb

Noun

admit
commit
concede
omit
permit
proceed
recede
remit
submit
succeed

admission
commission
concession
omission
permission
procession
recession
remission
submission
succession

8. -ption

Verb

Noun

absorb
consume
deceive
describe
receive
subscribe

absorption
consumption
deception,
deceipt
description
reception,
receipt
subscription

9. -ation

Verb

Noun

admire
alter
cancel
civilize
examine
form
imitate
oblige
proclaim
resign

admiration
alteration
cancellation
civilization
examination
formation
imitation
obligation
proclamation
resignation

10. -ition

Verb

Noun

add
ignite
define
oppose
propose
repeat
recognise

addition
ignition
definition
opposition
proposition
repetition
recognition

11. -cation

Verb

Noun

apply
clarify
justify
multiply
notify
qualify

application
clarification
justification
multiplication
notification
qualification

12. -y

Verb

Noun

assemble
deliver
discover
flatter
enquire
recover

assembly
delivery
discovery
flattery
enquiry
recovery

13. -ure

Verb

Noun

close
depart
expose
fail
please
press

closure
departure
exposure
failure
pleasure
pressure

14. -age

Verb

Noun

bond
break
carry
pack
pass
post

bondage
breakage
carriage
package
passage
postage

15. -t and -th

Verb

Noun

complain
grow
heal
steal
weigh

complaint
growth
health
stealth
weight

16. Miscellaneous

Verb

Noun

abide
advise
analyse
begin
bind
bite
bless
choose
contain
die
dine
do
eat
exceed
feed
float
flow
%
go
lend

abode
advice
analysis
beginning
bond
bite
bliss
choice
contents
death
dinner
deed
eatable
excess
food
fleet
flood
flight
gait
loan

Exercise 1
(For Practice)

Make nouns from the following verbs :
(i) pay, replace, resent, treat
(ii) remember, resist, rely, ignore
(iii) exist, interfere, refer, reside
(iv) betray, withdraw, refuse, renew
(v) correct, digest, elect, relate
(vi) provide, exclude, revise, suspend
(vii) recede, commit, submit, succeed
(viii) consume, describe, receive, subscribe
(ix) incline, occupy, quote, reveal
(x) define, appose, suppose, repeat
(xii) add, propose, repeat, recognise
(xii) flatter, dedicate, rectify, simplify
(xiii) disclose, compose, expose, fail
(xiv) leak, marry, stop, waste
(xv) furnish, give, grieve, know, laugh, learn, live, loose, mean, mock, offend, fly, mean, sell, tell.

Exercise 2
(For Practice)

Fill in the blanks using the right form of the words given in brackets :
1. His failure was a great ………. (disappoint) to us all.
2. Pay ……….. (attend) to what your teacher says.
3. I did not like his ……… (propose).
4. Thank you for the ……….. (invite).
5. Please, take a quick ……….. (decide).
6. Television has little ………… (attract) for me.
7. The doctor’s ………… (treat) cured her.
8. He was asked to give an ………. (explain).
9. He is worth his ……….. (weigh) in gold.
10. It is a ………. (please) to write to you.
11. Her ……… (hate) for the man is a mystery.
12. A little ……. (know) is a dangerous thing.
13. A loud ……… (laugh) is good for health.
14. Do you need a ……….. (lend) from the bank ?
15. Ours is the land of ………… (prosper).

Formation of Nouns From Adjectives

Some suffixes may be used to form nouns from some adjectives.
1. -ness

Adjective

Noun

aware
busy
cheap
empty
happy
heavy
sharp
shy
ugly
wicked

awareness
business
cheapness
emptiness
happiness
heaviness
sharpness
shyness
ugliness
wickedness

2. -ity

Adjective

Noun

active
civil
curious
extreme
generous
inferior
noble
public
pure
vital

activity
civility
curiosity
extremity
generosity
inferiority
nobility
publicity
purity
vitality

3. -ty

Adjective

Noun

certain
novel
loyal
royal

certainty
novelty
loyalty
royally

4. Changing -t to -ce

Adjective

Noun

absent
brilliant
obedient
patient

absence
brilliance
obedience
patience

5. Changing -t, -te to -cy

Adjective

Noun

Accurate
Decent
honest
private
vacant

accuracy
decency
honesty
privacy
vacancy

6. Miscellaneous

Adjective

Noun

brave
brief
broad
dear
deep
double
false
grand
hot
just
long
moist
open
pious
poor
proud
solitary
true
wise
young

bravery
brevity
bredth
dearth
depth
duplicity
falsehood
grandeur
heat
justice
length
moisture
opening
piety
poverty
pride
solitude
truth
wisdom
youth

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with the suitable forms of verbs given in brackets :
1. There is no ………. (short) of sugar in the country.
2. …………. (familiar) breeds contempt.
3. His ………….. (personal) attracts everyone.
4. …………. (possible) of his success is high.
5. There is ………….. (certain) no truth in what he says.
6. Everyone loves ………….. (clean).
7. …………… (just) delayed is (Just) denied.
8. His …………… (wise) is well known.
9. Finish it with the given ………… (long) of time.
10. The ……….. (brave) of our armed forces is great.
11. You cannot be excused for your …………. (absent).
12. There is ………… (dear) of honest people these days.
13. Gandhiji believed in ………… (true).
14. This is a matter of great ………. (urgent).
15. …………. (free) is our birth right.

Multiple Choice Questions

Pick out the correct options :
Question 1.
The noun form of ‘enjoy’ is
(a) joy
(b) enjoyment
(c) enjoying
(d) enjoyed

Question 2.
The noun form of ‘abound’ is
(a) bound
(b) aboundment
(c) abundance
(d) abounded

Question 3.
The noun form of ‘confer’ is
(a) conference
(b) conferred
(c) conferment
(d) confederate

Question 4.
The noun form of ‘bury’ is
(a) worry
(b) burial
(c) bum
(d) burton

Question 5.
The noun form of ‘elect’ is
(a) electing
(b) electoral
(c) election
(d) electment

Question 6.
The noun form of ‘decide’ is
(a) indecide
(b) indecision
(c) decision
(d) decided

Question 7.
The noun form of ‘permit’ is
(a) permanent
(b) permeable
(c) permission
(d) permanence

Question 8.
The noun form of ‘admire’ is
(a) admirable
(b) admiration
(c) admired
(d) admiring

Question 9.
The noun form of ‘propose’ is
(a) proposition
(b) preposition
(c) proposed
(d) proposing

Question 10.
The noun form of ‘press’ is
(a) impress
(b) pressed
(c) pressure
(d) pressing

Answers
1. (b) enjoyment
2. (c) abundance
3. (a) conference
4. (b) burial
5. (c) election
6. (c) decision
7. (c) permission
8. (b) admiration
9. (a) proposition
10. (c) pressure

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