Use of Modals 8

Has to / Have to / Had to / Shall have to / Will have to.
To show obligation, compulsion, duty, desire etc.

Has Mohan to wash his own clothes ?
Mohan does not have to wash his own clothes.
Does Mohan have to wash his own clothes ?
Mohan has not to wash his own clothes.
Have you to work late hours ?
You haven’t to work late hours.
Do you have to work late hours ?
You don’t have to work late hours.

Please note that we can form questions and negatives in the above two ways. i.e., with or without ‘Do’.
Note. Has to/Have to/Had to/shall have to/will have to are also used to convey a sense of ‘external obligation’ in present, past and future tenses, e.g..

I have to bring milk every morning.
I shall have to run fast to catch the train.
He has to go to office at 9 A.M.
You will have to face many problems in life.
I had to leave for Chennai last week.
She has to be in school at seven.

Exercise 1

Fill in the following blanks by using ‘has to’, ‘have to’, ‘had to’, ‘will have to’, ‘shall have to’:
1. I ……. serve my aged parents.
2. The maid servant …….. wash the utensils.
3. The Light Brigade …….. obey the orders of its commander.
4. The hare ……… cut a sorry figure on losing the race.
5. The passenger train ……. stop at every railway s
6. The labourers …….. work all day long.
7. My father …….. support a large family.
8. I …….. take my umbrella with me because it was raining.
9. The mother …….. clothe the children.
10. I …….. take my mother to the dispensary.
11. He …….. join some service to earn his bread.
12. I ………. help the poor widow.
1. have to
2. has to
3. had to
4. had to
5. has to
6. have to
7. has to
8. had to
9. has to
10. shall have to
11. will have to
12. have to

Exercise 2

Fill in the following blanks by using ‘has to’, ‘have to’, ‘will have to’, ‘shall have to’ or ’had to’ whichever is appropriate:
1. We ……. help our parents everyday.
2. She …….. learn her lesson every night.
3. I ……… stay at home since my parents were away.
4. We ……. change our school uniform everyday.
5. Last evening my neighbour fell sick and I ……. call in a doctor.
6. I am afraid, I’ll ……. turn the maid servant out of job.
7. Rekha ………. cook the food as her mother was not at home.
8. We …….. help the flood-victims.
9. Devinder’s office is far away. He ……… buy a scooter.
10. A cowherd ………. tend the cows.
11. I ……….. go to my native village on every public holiday.
12. There wasn’t any water today. So I ………. go to school without a bath.

Multiple Choice Questions

Choose the most appropriate option from the brackets to complete the following passage :
1. Working women (a) _____ (can/shall/will/would) be divided into four categories. Some (b) _____ (will/would/could/may) work while waiting for matrimony. It is natural to expect that in such cases the family (c) _____ (could/would/need/shall) take precedence over the job. They prefer joint families because in that case they (d) _____ (won’t/couldn’t/needn’t/mustn’t) worry about their children. Then they (e) _____ (need/should/could/may) also spend their evenings with the family. However, in a joint family very often they (f) _____ (needn’t/shouldn’t/daren’t/might) go against the wishes of the elders.

2. You (a) _____ (shall/will/should/may) live without food and water for sometime but you (b) _____ (can/shall/could/would) not live without air. The air (c) _____ (should/would/may/would) sometimes cause infection in the nose. If it persists you (d) _____ (would/could/might/must) see the doctor. A chronic cold (e) _____ (would/will/should/could) cause a great deal of discomfort. So you (f) _____ (can/would/should/could) be careful about it.

3. Sickness (a) _____ (should/must/would/may) be defined as the unhealthy condi¬tion of body. Fevers (b) _____ (should/can/would/must) be classified into many kinds. In case of common fever no medicine (c) _____ (must/could/should/would) be given. It (d) _____ (could/would/will/might) be better if the patient (e) _____ (should/could/would/can) live on milk or light food. In any case you (f) _____ (could/would/might/needn’t) much worry about it.

4. “How (a) _____ (can/could/would/dare) I trick that crow ?” thought the fox. Then he went to the crow and asked if he (b) _____ (will/shall/would/should) permit him to talk. The crow (c) _____ (shall/will/would/could) however not listen because he (d) _____ (will/would/should/could) not let the piece of bread fall from his mouth. The fox flattered him. “I (e) _____ (need/dare/might/can) say that no animal in the forest (f) _____ (need/dare/might/can) sing as well as you do.”

5. What sort of job (a) _____ (could/should/would/might) you like ? In your new job you (b) _____ (should/would/could/may) have a chance to go abroad. In that case, those candidates (c) _____ (would/will/might/may) be preferred who (d) _____ (would/should/might/can) show their passport. So it (e) _____ (would/will/could/may) be said that the job seekers (f) _____ (should/could/would/will) keep their passports ready.

6. The government (a) _____ (can/may/should/would) not run away from its respon¬sibilities. Alongwith food, it (b) _____ (would/could/must/may) also provide a shel¬ter. The shelter (c) _____ (should/could/would/ought) to be secure. Many people in the cities (d) _____ (can/might/should/must) be seen sleeping on the road-side. They (e) _____ (have/has/ought) to do so because they have no place where they (f) _____ (must/might/could/should) go for the night.

7. The monk (a) _____ (should/would/could/need) get up early. Rain or sun, he (b) _____ (could/should/might/dare) be always seen on the road in the morning. He (c) _____ (should/could/used to/might) go to meet the poor people. Of course, he (d) _____ (should/would/could/need) not help them with mony. The people knew that they (e) _____ (would/should/might/dare) not expect it from a saint. Surprisingly, even then he (f) _____ (might/should/dare/could) get great respect from them.

8. An incorrect posture (a) _____ (will/must/should/can) strain our backs. This (b) _____ (will/must/dare/need) be avoided. It (c) _____ (should/would/might/will) be cured if we are conscious. We (d) _____ (needn’t/couldn’t/shall not/won’t) unduly worry about it. All that we (e) _____ (would/might/should/dare) do is to take a proper seat and keep the back straight. That way we (f) _____ (would/dare/need/shall) keep the back-ache away.

9. No house (a) (should/would/can/must) be properly kept without a house¬wife. This definition of house (b) (can/must/might/need) include the chil¬dren. The children (c) (would/could/will/must) not develop properly with-out motherly care. Therefore, I suggest that unless very necessary, the mothers (d) (would/could/dare/need) not work in an office. Their proper place (e) (ought/should/would/could) to be their home.

10. Computers (a) _____ (must/can/should/would) provide information on any topic with the click of the mouse. Some people (b) _____ (should/must/may/dare) think that they (c) _____ (will/would/dare/need) replace the teachers in future. It (d) _____ (shall/will/would/must) never happen. All that (e) _____ (would/may/dare/need) be possible is that the teacher’s burden (f) _____ (shall/will/could/should) be lightened.

11. If you (a) _____ (must/could/might/have to) go up and down in a big mall, it (b) _____ (would/might/can/should) be tiring. The same thing (c) _____ (may/dare/need/should) be said about the railway station. Therefore, the day (d) _____ (shouldn’t/needn’t/daren’t/mustn’t) be far off when we (e) _____ (must/shall/need/dare) find moving stairs on railway platform in India. Then it (f) _____ (must/should/could/will) be easy for people to move with their luggage.

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